Students can refer to the following **MCQ on Thermal Properties of Matter class 11 PDF** with Answers provided below based on the latest curriculum and examination pattern issued by CBSE and NCERT. Our teachers have provided here a collection of multiple-choice questions for Chapter 11 Thermal Properties of Matter Class 11 Physics covering all topics in your textbook so that students can assess themselves on all important topics and thoroughly prepare for their exams

## MCQ on Thermal Properties of Matter class 11 PDF with Answers

We have provided below MCQ on Thermal Properties of Matter class 11 PDF with answers which will help the students to go through the entire syllabus and practice multiple choice questions provided here with solutions. As MCQ Questions for Class 11 Physics pdf download can be really scoring for students, you should go through all problems provided below so that you are able to get more marks in your exams.

**Question. The instrument used to measure the temperature of the source from its thermal radiation is : **

(a) hydrometer

(b) barometer

(c) thermopile

(d) pyrometer

**Answer**

C

**Question. The surface temperature of a body is 727°C and that of another body is 327°C. The ratio of total energies radiated by them is : ****(a) 625 : 81**

(b) 125 : 27

(c) 8 : 27

(d) 9 : 25

**Answer**

A

**Question. The absolute zero is the temperature at which : **

(a) all substances exist in solid state

(b) molecular motion ceases

(c) water freezes

(d) none of these

**Answer**

B

**Question. A quantity of heat required to change the unit mass of a solid substance to its liquid state, while the temperature remains constant, is known as **

(a) latent heat of vaporation

(b) latent heat of fusion

(c) heat of condensation

(d) specific heat

**Answer**

B

**Question. Woolen clothes keep the body warm because the wool : **

(a) decreases the temperature of the body

(b) is a good conductor of heat

(c) increases the temperature of the body

(d) is a bad conductor of heat

**Answer**

D

**Question. Heat travels through vacuum by : **

(a) convection

(b) radiation

(c) conduction

(d) all of these

**Answer**

B

**Question. When a solid is converted into a gas, directly by heating then this process is known as: **

(a) Sublimation

(b) Vaporization

(c) Condensation

(d) Boiling

**Answer**

A

**Question. The sun emits a light with maximum wave length 510 nm while another star emits a light with maximum wavelength of 350 nm. The ratio of surface temperature of sun and the star will be : **

(a) 0.68

(b) 2.1

(c) 1.45

(c) 0.46

**Answer**

A

**Question. The real coefficient of volume expansion of glycerine is 0.000597 per°C and linear coefficient of expansion of glass is 0.000009 per °C. Then the apparent volume coefficient of expansion of glycerine is **

(a) 0.000558 per °C

(b) 0.00057 per °C

(c) 0.00027 per °C

(d) 0.00066 per °C

**Answer**

B

**Question. The colour of a star indicates its : **

(a) velocity

(b) temperature

(c) size

(d) length

**Answer**

B

**Question. A black body is heated from 27°C to 127°C. The ratio of their energies of radiation emitted will be: **

(a) 9 : 16

(b) 27 : 64

(c) 81 : 256

(d) 3 : 4

**Answer**

C

**Question. A black body is at a temperature 300 K. It emits energy at a rate, which is proportional to **

(a) (300)^{4}

(b) (300)^{3}

(c) (300)^{2}

(d) 300

**Answer**

A

**Question. The density of a substance at 0°C is 10 g/cc and at 100°C, its density is 9.7 g/cc. The coefficient of linear expansion of the substance is **

(a) 10^{–2}

(b) 10^{–2}

(c) 10^{–3}

(d) 10^{–4}

**Answer**

A

**Question. A black body, at a temperature of 227°C, radiates heat at a rate of 20 cal m–2s ^{–1}. When its temperature is raised to 727°C, the heat radiated by it in cal m–2s^{–1} will be closest to : **

(a) 40

(b) 160

(c) 320

(d) 640

**Answer**

C

**Question. Suppose the sun expands so that its radius becomes 100 times its present radius and its surface temperature becomes half of its present value. The total energy emitted by it then will increase by a factor of : **

(a) 104

(b) 625

(c) 16

(d) 16

**Answer**

B

**Question. Three objects colored black, gray and white can withstand hostile conditions upto 2800°C. These objects are thrown into a furnace where each of them attains a temperature of 2000°C. Which object will glow brightest? **

(a) the white object

(b) the black object

(c) all glow with equal brightness

(d) gray object

**Answer**

B

**Question. If the temperature of a black body increases from 7°C to 287°C then the rate of energy radiation increases by **

(a) (287/7 )4

(b) 16

(c) 4

(d) 2

**Answer**

B

**Question. The wavelength of maximum energy released during an atomic explosion was 2.93 × 10 ^{–10} m. **

**The maximum temperature attained must be, (Weins constant = 2.93 × 10**

^{–3}mK)(a) 5.86 × 10

^{7}K

(b) 10

^{–13}K

(c) 10

^{–7}K

(d) 10

^{7}K

**Answer**

D

**Question. If the temperature of the sun were to increase from T to 2T and its radius from R to 2R, then the ratio of the radiant energy received on earth to what it was previously will be **

(a) 32

(b) 16

(c) 4

(d) 64

**Answer**

D

**Question. A crystal has a coefficient of expansion 13×10 ^{–7} in one direction and 231 × 10^{–7} in every direction at right angles to it. Then the cubical coefficient of expansion is **

(a) 462 × 10

^{–7}

(b) 244 × 10

^{–7}

(c) 475 × 10

^{–7}

(d) 257 × 10

^{–7}

**Answer**

A

**Question. Two identical rods of copper and iron are coated with wax uniformly. When one end of each is kept at temperature of boiling water, the length upto which wax melts are 8.4 cm amd 4.2 cm, respectively. If thermal conductivity of copper is 0.92, then thermal conductivity of iron is **

(a) 0.23

(b) 0.46

(c) 0.115

(d) 0.69

**Answer**

A

**Question. A glass flask of volume 1 litre is fully filled with mercury at 0ºC. Both the flask and mercury are now heated to 100ºC. If the coefficient of volume expansion of mercury is 1.82 × 10 ^{–4}/ºC, volume coefficient of linear expansion of glass is 10 × 10^{–6}/ºC, the amount of mercury which is spilted out is **

(a) 15.2 ml

(b) 17.2 ml

(c) 19.2 ml

(d) 21.2 ml

**Answer**

A

**Question. Steam is passed into 22 g of water at 20°C . The mass of water that will be present when the water acquires a temperature of 90°C is (Latent heat of steam is 540 cal/gm) **

(a) 24.8 gm

(b) 24 gm

(c) 36.6 gm

(d) 30 gm

**Answer**

A

**Question. The coefficient of thermal conductivity depends upon **

(a) temperature difference between the two surfaces.

(b) area of the plate

(c) material of the plate

(d) All of these

**Answer**

C

**Question. Two rods of different materials having coefficients of linear expansion a _{1} and a_{2} and Young’s modulus Y_{1} and Y_{2} respectively are fixed between two rigid massive walls. The rods are heated such that they undergo the same increase in temperature. There is no bending of rods. If a_{1} : a_{2} = 2 : 3,**

**the thermal stress developed in the two rods are equal provided Y**

_{1}: Y_{2}equal to(a) 2 : 3

(b) 4 : 9

(c) 1 : 2

(d) 3 : 2

## Answer

D

**Question. Find the stress developed inside a tooth cavity filled with copper when hot tea at temperature of 57°C is drunk. (Take temperature of tooth to be 37°C, a = 1.7 × 10 ^{–5} °C^{–1} and bulk modulus for copper = 140 × 10^{9} N m^{–2})**

(a) 1.43 × 10

_{8}N m

^{–2}

(b) 4.13 × 10

^{8}N m

^{–2}

(c) 2.12 × 10

^{4}N m

^{–2}

(d) 3.12 × 10

^{4}N m

^{–2 }

## Answer

A

**Question. A piece of ice (heat capacity = 2100 J kg ^{–1} °°C^{–1} and latent heat = 3.36 × 105 J kg^{–1}) of mass m grams is at –5°°C at atmospheric pressure. It is given 420 J of heat so that the ice starts melting. Finally when the ice-water mixture is in equilibrium, it is found that 1 g of ice has melted. Assuming there is no other heat exchange in the process, the value of m is**

(a) 4g

(b) 6g

(c) 8g

(d) 10g

## Answer

C

**Question. Driver of truck gets his steel petrol tank filled with 75 L of petrol at 10°°C. If asteel is 24 ×10 ^{–6/°°}C and gpetrol is 9.9 × 10^{–4/°°}C, the overflow of petrol at 30°C is**

(a) 1.35 L

(b) 1.38 L

(c) 1.45 L

(d) 1.48 L

## Answer

B

**Question. 0.1 m ^{3} of water at 80°C is mixed with 0.3 m^{3} of water at 60°C. The final temperature of the mixture is**

(a) 65°C

(b) 70°C

(c) 60°C

(d) 75°C

## Answer

A

**Question. An ideal gas is expanding such that PT 2 = constant. The coefficient of volume expansion of the gas is**

(a) 1/T

(b) 2/T

(c) 3/T

(d) 4/T

## Answer

C

**Question. The quantities of heat required to raise the temperatures of two copper spheres of radii r _{1} and r_{2} (r_{1} = 1.5r_{2}) through 1 K are in the ratio of**

(a) 27/8

(b) 9/4

(c) 3/2

(d) 1

## Answer

A

**Question. Two spheres of the same material have radii 1 m and 4 m and temperatures 4000 K and 2000 K respectively. The energy radiated per second by the first sphere is**

(a) greater than that by the second

(b) less than that by the second

(c) equal in both cases

(d) the information is incomplete to draw any conclusion

## Answer

C

**Question. A 10 kW drilling machine is used to drill a bore in a small aluminium block of mass 8 kg. Find the rise in temperature of the block is 2.5 minutes, assuming 50% power is used up is heating the machine itself or lost to the surrounding.****(Specific heat of aluminium = 0.91 J g ^{–1} × °C^{–1})**

(a) 100 °C

(b) 103 °C

(c) 150 °C

(d) 155 °C

## Answer

B

**Question. On a temperature scale Y, water freezes at – 160°Y and boils at – 50°Y. On this Y scale, a temperature of 340 K would be read as : (colder freezes at 273 K and boils at 373 K)**

(a) – 106.3°Y

(b) – 96.3°Y

(c) – 86.3°Y

(d) – 76.3°Y

## Answer

C

**Question. The figure shows a cross-section of a double glass unit of a window on a vertical wall. A graph of the temperatures at different points within the unit is given below. The temperature difference across the unit is 13 K. It has a cross-sectional area of 1.3 m ^{2} and the rate of heat flow through it is 65 W. Then the correct statement is (Glass has a thermal conductivity of 1 W m^{–1} K^{–1})**

(a) The unit is in steady state and in thermal equilibrium.

(b) The unit is in steady state but not in thermal equilibrium.

(c) The unit is not in steady state but is in thermal equilibrium.

(d) The unit neither in steady state nor in thermal equilibrium.

## Answer

B

**Question. An aluminium sphere is dipped into water. Which of the following is true?**

(a) Buoyancy will be less in water at 0 °C than that in water at 4 °C.

(b) Buoyancy will be more in water at 0 °C than that in water at 4 °C.

(c) Buoyancy in water at 0 °C will be same as that in water at 4 °C.

(d) Buoyancy may be more or less in water at 4 °C depending on the radius of the sphere.

## Answer

A

**Question. The triple point of carbon dioxide is 216.55 K the corresponding temperature on the celsius and Fahrenheit scale is**

(a) 56.45°C, –69.61°F

(b) –56.45°C, 69.61°F

(c) 56.45°C, 69.61°F

(d) – 56.45°C, –69.61°F

## Answer

D

**Question. The densities of two substances are in the ratio 2 : 3 and their specific heats are 0.12 and 0.09 CGS units respectively. The ratio of their thermal capacities per unit volume is**

(a) 8 : 9

(b) 1 : 2

(c) 3 : 2

(d) 4 : 9

## Answer

A

**Question. A uniform metallic rod rotates about its perpendicular bisector with constant angular speed. If it is heated uniformly to raise its temperature slightly**

(a) its speed of rotation increases

(b) its speed of rotation decreases

(c) its speed of rotation remains same

(d) its speed increases because its moment of inertia increases

## Answer

A

**Question. 22320 cal of heat is supplied to 100 g of ice at 0° C. If the latent heat of fusion of ice is 80 cal g ^{–1} and latent heat of vaporization of water is 540 cal g^{–1}, the final amount of water thus obtained and its temperature respectively are **

(a) 8 g, 100°C

(b) 100 g, 90°C

(c) 92 g, 100°C

(d) 8 g, 100°C

## Answer

C

**Question. A one litre flask contains certain quantity of mercury.If the volume of air inside the flask remains the same at all temperatures then the volume of mercury in the flask is (volume expansion coefficient of mercury is 20 times that of flask)**

(a) 100 cc

(b) 50 cc

(c) 200 cc

(d) 150 cc

## Answer

B

**Question. Two absolute scale A and B have triple points of water defined to be at 200 A and 350 B. The relation between T _{A} and T_{B} is**

(a) T

_{A}= 4/7 T

_{B}

(b) T

_{B}= 4/7 T

_{A}

(c) T

_{A}= 2/7 T

_{B}

(d) T

_{B}= 2/7 T

_{A }

## Answer

A

**Question. Two rods, one of aluminium and the other made of steel, having initial lengths l1 and l _{2} are connected together to form a single rod of length (l_{1} + l_{2}). The coefficient of linear expansion of aluminium and steel are aa and as respectively. If the length of each rod increases by the same amount, when their temperatures are raised by **

## Answer

C

**Question. A bimetallic strip is made of aluminium and steel (a _{Al} > a_{steel}). On heating, the strip will**

(a) remain straight

(b) get twisted

(c) will bend with aluminium on concave side

(d) will bend with steel on concave side.

## Answer

D

**Question. The graph between two temperature scales A and B is shown in figure. Between upper fixed point and lower fixed point there are 150 equal division on scale A and 100 on scale B. The relationship for conversion between the two scales is given by**

## Answer

B

**Question. As the temperature is increased, the time period of a pendulum**

(a) increases as its effective length increases even though its centre of mass still remains at the centre of the bob.

(b) decreases as its effective length increases even though its centre of mass still remains at the centre of the bob.

(c) increases as its effective length increases due to shifting of centre of mass below the centre of the bob.

(d) decreases as its effective length remains same but the centre of mass shifts above the centre of the bob.

## Answer

A

**Question. To increase the length of brass rod by 2% its temperature should increase by (a = 0.00002 °C ^{–1})**

(a) 800 °C

(b) 900 °C

(c) 1000 °C

(d) 1100 °C

## Answer

C

**Question. A block of ice at –10°C is slowly heated and converted to steam at 100°C. Which of the following curves represents the phenomena qualitatively?**

## Answer

A

**Question. A pendulum clock is 5 seconds fast at temperature of 15ºC and 10 seconds slow at a temperature of 30ºC. At what temperature does it give the correct time? (take time interval =24 hours) **

(a) 18ºC

(b) 20ºC

(c) 22ºC

(d) 25ºC

**Answer**

C

**Question. If a bar is made of copper whose coefficient of linear expansion is one and a half times that of iron, the ratio of force developed in the copper bar to the iron bar of identical lengths and cross-sections, when heated through the same temperature range (Young’s modulus of copper may be taken to be equal to that of iron) is **

(a) 3/2

(b) 2/3

(c) 9/4

(d) 4/9

**Answer**

A

**Question. A metallic bar is heated from 0ºC to 100ºC. The coeficient of linear expansion is 10–5 K–1. What will be the percentage increase in length? **

(a) 0.01%

(b) 0.1%

(c) 1%

(d) 10%

**Answer**

B

**Question. The wavelength of radiation emitted by a body depends upon **

(a) the nature of its surface

(b) the area of its surface

(c) the temperature of its surface

(d) All of the above

**Answer**

D

**Question. A vessel completely filled with a liquid is heated. If a and g represent coefficient of linear expansion of material of vessel and coefficient of cubical expansion of liquid respectively, then the liquid will not overflow if **

(a) g = 3 a

(b) g > 3 a

(c) g < 3 a

(d) g £ 3 a

**Answer**

D

**Question. The fastest mode of transfer of heat is **

(a) conduction

(b) convection

(c) radiation

(d) None of these

**Answer**

C

**Question. A sphere, a cube and a thin circular plate, all of same material and same mass are initially heated to same high temperature. **

(a) Plate will cool fastest and cube the slowest

(b) Sphere will cool fastest and cube the slowest

(c) Plate will cool fastest and sphere the slowest

(d) Cube will cool fastest and plate the slowest

**Answer**

C

**Question. A piece of iron is heated in a flame. It first becomes dull red then becomes reddish yellow and finally turns to white hot. The correct explanation for the above observation is possible by using**

(a) Wien’s displacement law

(b) Kirchoff’s law

(c) Newton’s law of cooling

(d) Stefan’s law

**Answer**

A

**1Question0. The density of water at 20°C is 998 kg/m3 and at 40°C 992 kg/m3. The coefficient of volume expansion of water is **

(a) 10–4/°C

(b) 3 × 10^{–4}/°C

(c) 2 × 10^{–4}/°C

(d) 6 × 10^{–4}/°C

**Answer**

B

**Question. Two metal rods 1 and 2 of same lengths have same temperature difference between their ends. Their thermal conductivities are K _{1} and K_{2} and cross sectional areas A_{1} and A_{2}, respectively. If the rate of heat conduction in rod 1 is four times that in rod 2, then **

(a) K

_{1}A

_{1}= K

_{2}A

_{2}

(b) K

_{1}A

_{1}= 4K

_{2}A

_{2}

(c) K

_{1}A

_{1}= 2K

_{2}A

_{2}

(d) 4K

_{1}A

_{1}= K

_{2}A

_{2}

**Answer**

B

**Question. On a new scale of temperature (which is linear) and called the W scale, the freezing and boiling points of water are 39°W and 239°W respectively. What will be the temperature on the new scale, corresponding to a temperature of 39°C on the Celsius scale ? **

(a) 200°W

(b) 139°W

(c) 78°W

(d) 117°W

**Answer**

D

**Question. Mercury thermometer can be used to measure temperature upto **

(a) 260°C

(b) 100°C

(c) 360°C

(d) 500°C

**Answer**

C

**Question. A Centigrade and a Fahrenheit thermometer are dipped in boiling water. The water temperature is lowered until the Fahrenheit thermometer registers 140°F. What is the fall in temperature as registered by the centigrade thermometer? **

(a) 80°C

(b) 60°C

(c) 40°C

(d) 30°C

**Answer**

C

**Question. The value of coefficient of volume expansion of glycerin is 5 ×10 ^{–4} K–1. The fractional change in the density of glycerin for a rise of 40°C in its temperature, is **

(a) 0.025

(b) 0.010

(c) 0.015

(d) 0.020

**Answer**

D

**Question. The density of water at 20°C is 998 kg/m3 and at 40°C is 992 kg/m3. The coefficient of volume expansion of water is **

(a) 3 × 10–4/°C

(b) 2 × 10–4/°C

(c) 6 × 10–4/°C

(d) 10–4/°C

**Answer**

A

**Question. Two identical bodies are made of a material for which the heat capacity increases with temperature. One of these is at 100°C, while the other one is at 0°C. If the two bodies are brought into contact, then, assuming no heat loss, the final common temperature is **

(a) 50°C

(b) more than 50°C

(c) less than 50°C but greater than 0°C

(d) 0°C

**Answer**

B

**Question. A piece of ice falls from a height h so that it melts completely. Only one-quarter of the heat produced is absorbed by the ice and all energy of ice gets converted into heat during its fall. The value of h is [Latent heat of ice is 3.4 × 105 J/ kg and g = 10 N/kg] **

(a) 136 km

(b) 68 km

(c) 34 km

(d) 544 km

**Answer**

A

**Question. Certain quantity of water cools from 70°C to 60°C in the first 5 minutes and to 54°C in the next 5 minutes. The temperature of the surroundings is: **

(a) 45°C

(b) 20°C

(c) 42°C

(d) 10°C

**Answer**

A

**Question. Steam at 100°C is passed into 20 g of water at 10°C. When water acquires a temperature of 80°C, the mass of water present will be: ****[Take specific heat of water = 1 cal g– 1 °C ^{– 1 }and latent heat of steam = 540 cal g^{– 1}]**

(a) 24 g

(b) 31.5 g

(c) 42.5 g

(d) 22.5 g

**Answer**

D

**Question. On observing light from three different stars P, Q and R, it was found that intensity of violet colour is maximum in the spectrum of P, the intensity of green colour is maximum in the spectrum of R and the intensity of red colour is maximum in the spectrum of Q. If TP, TQ and TR are the respective absolute temperature of P, Q and R, then it can be concluded from the above observations that **

(a) T_{P} > T_{R} > T_{Q}

(b) T_{P} < T_{R} < T_{Q}

(c) T_{P} < T_{Q} < T_{R}

(d) T_{P}> T_{Q} > T_{R}

**Answer**

A

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