Students can read the important questions given below for Why Do We Fall ill Class 9 Science. All Why Do We Fall ill Class 9 Notes and questions with solutions have been prepared based on the latest syllabus and examination guidelines issued by CBSE, NCERT and KVS. You should read all notes provided by us and Class 9 Science Important Questions provided for all chapters to get better marks in examinations. Science Question Bank Class 9 is available on our website for free download in PDF.
Important Questions of Why Do We Fall ill Class 9
Question. Which one of the following diseases is caused by protozoans?
Question. Which one of the following is not a bacterial disease?
Question. If you live in an overcrowded and poorly ventilated house, it is possible that you may suffer from which of the following diseases
(c) Air borne diseases
Question. Which one of the following has a long-term effect on the health of an individual?
(a) Common cold
(b) Chicken pox
(c) Chewing tobacco
Question. We should not allow mosquitoes to breed in our surroundings because they
(a) multiply very fast and cause pollution
(b) are vectors for many diseases
(c) bite and cause skin diseases
(d) are not important insects
Question. Which of the following can make you ill if you come in contact with an infected person?
(a) High blood pressure
(b) Genetic abnormalities
(d) Blood cancer
Question. Which one of the following disease is not transmitted by mosquito?
(a) Brain fever
Question. AIDS cannot be transmitted by
(a) sexual contact
(c) breast feeding
(d) blood transfusion
Question. Which one of the following is not a viral disease?
Question. Making anti-viral drugs is more difficult than making anti-bacterial medicines because
(a) viruses make use of host machinery
(b) viruses are on the border line of living and non-living
(c) viruses have very few biochemical mechanisms of their own
(d) viruses have a protein coat
Question. Which disease is not transmitted by mosquitoes?
(c) Brain fever or encephalitis
Question. Viruses, which cause hepatitis, are transmitted through
(d) personal contact
Question. Which one of the following is not important for individual health?
(a) Living in clean space
(b) Good economic condition
(c) Social equality and harmony
(d) Living in a large and well-furnished house
Question. Vectors can be defined as
(a) animals carry the infecting agents from sick person to another healthy person
(b) microorganisms which cause many diseases
(c) infected person
(d) diseased plants
Question. Choose the wrong statement
(a) High blood pressure is caused by excessive weight and lack of exercise.
(b) Cancers can be caused by genetic abnormalities
(c) Peptic ulcers are caused by eating acidic food
(d) Acne in not caused by staphylococci
Question. Which one of the following disease is not caused by bacteria?
Question. Which one of the following causes kala-azar?
Question. You are aware of Polio Eradication Programme in your city. Children are vaccinated because
(a) vaccination kills the polio causing microorganisms
(b) prevents the entry of polio causing organism
(c) it creates immunity in the body
(d) all the above
Fill in the blanks
Question. __________ disease continues for many days and causes __________ on body.
Chronic, long term effect
Question. __________ disease continues for a few days and causes no longer term effect on body.
Question. __________ is defined as physical, mental and social well-being and comfort.
Question. Common cold is __________ disease.
Question. Many skin diseases are caused by __________.
Question. Pneumonia is an example of __________ disease.
Question. Many skin diseases are caused by __________.
Question. Antibiotics commonly block biochemical pathways important for the growth of __________.
Question. Living organisms carrying the infecting agents from one person to another are called __________.
Classify the following diseases as infectious or non-infectious.
Question. High blood pressure
Question. Heart disease
Question. Name any two groups of micro-organisms from which antibiotics could be extracted.
Bacteria and fungi
Question. Name any three diseases transmitted through vectors.
Malaria, dengue and chikungunya
Name the target organs for the following diseases
Question. Hepatitis targets __________.
Question. Fits or unconsciousness targets __________.
Question. Pneumonia targets __________.
Question. Fungal disease targets __________.
Question.. Give two examples for each of the following
(a) Acute diseases
(b) Chronic diseases
(c) Infectious diseases
(d) Non-infectious diseases
Answer. (a) Viral fever, Flu
(b) Elephantiasis, Tuberculosis (TB)
(c) Small pox, Chicken pox
(d) Diabetes, Goitre
Question. Name two diseases caused by Protozoans. What are their causal organisms?
Answer. (i) Sleeping sickness caused by Trypanosoma/ Malaria by plasmodium
(ii) Kala-azar caused by Leishmania
Question. Which bacterium causes peptic ulcers? Who discovered the above pathogen for the first time?
Answer. (i) Helicobactor pylori
(ii) Marshall and Warren.
Question. What is an antibiotic? Give two examples
Answer. Antibiotic is a chemical substance that kill bacteria, secreted by microorganisms which
can kill the pathogens. Examples, Penicillin and Streptomycin.
Question. Who discovered ‘vaccine’ for the first time? Name two diseases which can be prevented by using vaccines.
Answer. Edward Jenner was the first to discover vaccine. Vaccines can be used to prevent small pox and polio.
Question. What precautions will you take to justify “prevention is better than cure”.
Answer. Following precautions should be taken for prevention of disease.
(1) Maintaining hygienic conditions.
(2) Awareness about the disease and causal organism.
(3) Balanced diet.
(4) Regular medical check-up.
Question. Why are antibiotics not effective for viral disease?
Answer. Antibiotics generally block the biosynthetic pathways and they block these pathways of the microbes/bacteria. However, viruses have very few biochemical mechanisms of their own and hence are unaffected by antibiotics.
Question. What do you mean by disease symptoms? Explain giving two examples?
Answer. When the functioning or the appearance of one or more systems of the body will change for the worse, it gives certain abnormal signs of the disease. These visual changes in human beings are called symptoms. Symptoms give indication of the presence of a particular disease.
Example (i) Lesions on the skin are the symptoms of chickenpox.
Example (ii) Cough is the symptom of lung infection.
Question. Give any four factors necessary for a healthy person.
Answer. For a healthy person, it is necessary that
(i) The surrounding environment should be clean. Air and water borne diseases will not spread.
(ii) Personal hygiene prevents infectious diseases.
(iii) Proper, sufficient nourishment and food is necessary for good immune system of our body.
(iv) Immunisation against severe diseases.
Question. What is a disease? How many types of diseases have you studied? Give examples.
Answer. A condition in which the functioning of the body or a part of it changes adversely, it is called disease.
Types of diseases:
• Acute Diseases: Diseases which last for only very short period of time. Example, cough, cold, fever, etc.
• Chronic Diseases: Diseases which last for a long time and adversely affect the health of a person. Example, AIDS, encephalitis, etc.
• Infectious Diseases: Diseases which spread from an infected person to a healthy person. Example, malaria, typhoid, cholera, tuberculosis, etc.
• Non-infectious Diseases: Diseases which do not spread from an infected person to a healthy person. Example, Diabetes, arthritis, hypertension, heart disease, cancer etc.
Non-infectious diseases can be further divided into two categories:
(a) Lifestyle Diseases: Diabetes, hypertension, etc.
(b) Genetic Diseases: Haemophilia, sickle-cell anemia, etc.
Question. Why do some children fall ill more frequently than others living in the same locality?
Answer. Some children have weak immune system which can happen because of various reasons. A child may not be getting balanced diet. A child may be living in congested and unhygienic locality. A child may not be getting clean drinking water. These children are at more risk of falling ill than others living in the same locality.
Question. Becoming exposed to or infected with an infectious microbe does not necessarily mean developing noticeable disease. Explain.
Answer. Because of strong immune system our body is normally fighting off microbes. We have cells which are specialised to kill the pathogenic microbes. These cells are active when infecting microbes enter the body and if they are successful in removing the pathogen, we remain disease– free. So even if we are exposed to infectious microbes, it is not necessary that we suffer from diseases.
Question. Why is immune system essential for our health?
Answer. The immune system of our body is a kind of defense mechanism to fight against pathogenic microbes. It has cells that are specialized to kill infecting microbes and keep our body healthy.
Question. Why is AIDS considered to be a ‘Syndrome’ and not a disease?
Answer. AIDS causing virus— HIV that comes into the body via, the sexual organs or any other means like blood transfusion will spread to lymph nodes all over the body. The virus damages the immune system of the body and due to this the body can no longer fight off many minor infections. Instead, every small cold can become pneumonia, or minor gut infection can become severe diarrhoea with blood loss. The effect of disease becomes very severe and complex, at times killing the person suffering from AIDS. Hence there is no specific disease symptoms for AIDS but it results in a complex diseases and symptoms. Therefore, it is known as a syndrome.
Explain giving reasons
Question. Balanced diet is necessary for maintaining healthy body.
Answer. Food is necessary for the growth and development of the body. Balanced diet provides raw materials and energy in appropriate amount needed for the substances likes protein, carbohydrates, fats, minerals etc which in turn are essential for the proper growth and functioning of the healthy body.
Question. Health of an organism depends upon the surrounding environmental conditions.
Answer. Health is a state of being well enough to function well physically, mentally and socially and these conditions depend upon the surrounding environmental conditions. eg., If there are unhygienic conditions in surrounding area, it is likely we might get infected or diseased.
Question. Our surrounding area should be free of stagnant water.
Answer. This is so because many water borne diseases and insect vectors flourish in stagnant water which cause diseases in human beings.
Question. Social harmony and good economic conditions are necessary for good health.
Answer. Human beings live in societies and different localities like villages or cities, which determines the social and physical environment and hence both are to be kept in harmony. Public cleanliness is important for individual health. For better living conditions lot of money is required. We need good food for healthy body and for this we have to earn more. For the treatment of diseases also, one has to be in good economic condition.