Please refer to the Class 12 Physical Education Sample Paper below. These CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education have been prepared based on the latest guidelines and examination patterns issued for the current academic year. We have provided Term 1 and Term 2 sample papers with solutions. You can click on the links below and access the free latest CBSE Sample Papers for Physical Education for Standard 12. All guess papers for Physical Education Class 12 have been prepared by expert teachers. You will be able to understand the type of questions which are expected to come in the examinations and get better marks.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education
Class 12 Physical Education Sample Paper Term 2 With Solutions Set A
SECTION – A
1. Explain Fartlek.
Ans. Fartlek, which means “speed play” in Swedish, is a training method that blends continuous training with interval training. The variable intensity and continuous nature of the exercise places stress on both the aerobic and anaerobic systems. It differs from traditional interval training as it is unstructured; intensity and/or speed varies, as the athlete wishes.
2. Why does involvement in regular exercise delay the onset of fatigue?
Ans. If we do regular exercise, our fitness level will be increased and it also develops endurance because of the fatigue level delays.
3. What is goal setting?
Ans. Goal setting involves establishing specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time targeted (S.M.A.R.T) goals. The goal setting theory suggests that an effective tool for making progress is to ensure that participants in a group with a common goal are clearly aware of what is expected from them.
4. Mention any two disability etiquettes.
Ans. Two Disability Etiquette are:
(i) When you meet a person with visual impairment, always identify yourself and others who may be with you.
(ii) In case of introduction to a person with a disability, it is appropriate to shake hands.
(iii) Always avoid asking personal questions to an individual who is differently abled.
(iv) Always have conversation at a normal tone of voice. Do not talk in high pitch to such individuals.
5. What type of fracture is known as Greenstick Fracture?
Ans. Greenstick fracture is a fracture in a young, soft bone. In greenstick, the bone bends and breaks. This fracture is very difficult to detect and is usually found in children.
6. Explain the term ‘Sports Training’.
Ans. Sports training is a specialised process of all round physical conditioning aimed at the preparation of sports person for improving its performance in games and sports.
7. What do you mean by ODD?
Ans. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is a childhood disorder that is defined by a pattern of hostile, disobedient, and defiant behaviours directed at adults or other authority figures.
8. What is incision?
Ans. An incision wound is a cut in the skin caused by sharp object, such as knife, broken glass, scissors or surgeon’s scalpel. Incision wounds are ‘neat’ and the edges of the skin are usually smooth.
9. What is Intellectual Disability?
Ans. Intellectual disability is a disability characterised by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning (such as learning, problem solving, and judgement) and in adaptive behaviour (activities of daily life such as communication). This disability originates before the age of 18.
SECTION – B
10. Discuss in detail any three techniques of motivation.
Ans. In games and sports performance does not depend upon a single factor. The performance of an athlete directly depends upon his/her coach, the environment in which he or she took training, his personal and social dimension, and the most important factor is motivation. Following are the techniques used in games and sports by an athlete and his/her coach.
Techniques of motivation for higher achievement in sports are:
(i) Knowing Your Athlete: Each athlete comes from a different background with varied experiences and having different degrees of maturity.
(ii) Level of Aspiration or Goal Setting: As we know that achieving performance goals is a sign of competence that affects motivation positively, it is necessary to set realistic goals based on one’s own abilities.
(iii) Identifying Incentive Factors: If an athlete perceives that any particular kind of experiences are available to him in a given sport and he feels that these will be pleasant, enjoyable or satisfying, then he will choose to participate in that game or sport and not any other.
11. Discuss in detail any one type of disorder.
Ans. Disorder is usually used for mental disabilities. Disorder is any element that disturbs the health of an individual. Disorder creates hindrance in an individual’s performance and reduces his efficiency. In the beginning disorder seems to be ordinary but they usually grow or spread in a harmful manner in an individual. Most probably, a disorder cannot be detected on time, as a result of which, a simple disorder is changed into a disability. A disorder disrupts the normal functioning of an individual. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. It is a state having medical conditions that affect how well can someone sit still, focus and pay attention. The individual with ADHD have some problems focusing in some activities. This type of disorder is found more common in boys than in girls.
12. A famous cricket star Phillip Hughes was struck behind the ear by a ball while batting and died two days after the injury. He was wearing a helmet but the possible reason mentioned was that even when using a helmet, possibly a significant part of the neck remained exposed and the ball hit him there and now most of the top cricketers across the world would use deeper protection.
(i) Do you feel protective gears are important? Lay stress on your views.
(ii) What first aid should be provided during injury at the superficial layer of the skin?
Ans. In a sport like Cricket, protective gears or sport gears are very vital. In recent past, it is observed that when a forceful ball hit the batsman or fielder, it might cause injuries or even death.
(i) In the game of Cricket one should protect head, arms, chest, thighs, private parts, knees, legs and feet. There are various protective gears such as helmet, batting gloves, chest guard, thigh guards, arm pads, shoulder pads, abdominal guard, leg protector, shoes, wicket keeping gloves etc. These sport gears must be of good quality. The proper protective equipments play significant role in preventing the sports injury.
(ii) (a) Clean the affected part with fresh water.
(b) Use clean sterilised gauze to wipe the affected part.
(c) Antiseptic ointment should be used.
(d) Refer to the doctor in case of serious injury.
13. Briefly explain different types of co-ordinative abilities.
Ans. Different types of coordinative abilities are:
(i) Adaptive Ability: According to predictable changes in circumstances, it is the capability of a sports-person to result in an effectual alteration in the movement.
(ii) Balance Ability: It is the capability of a sports person to sustain balance of the body together in static and dynamic conditions.
(iii) Reaction Ability: It is the ability to react quickly and effectively to a signal. To a great extent it depends on sense organs, coordinative processes of CNS, decision making, concentration and anticipation.
14. “Asanas can be used as a preventive measure.” Comment.
Ans. Asanas play an important role to prevent the lifestyle related diseases. The advantages are as follows:
(i) Maintain Weight: Nowadays, obesity has become a challenging problem for the society. By doing asanas daily, we exercise entire organs of our body. By practising asanas regularly, it burns the excess fat of the body, and hence maintains healthy weight.
(ii) Normalize Endocrine Function: Diabetes is one of the most common lifestyle related diseases. Diabetes occurs due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. The asanas like Bhujangasana, Paschimotanasana, Pavanmuktasana, Ardh-Matsyendrasana etc., help to stimulate and regulate pancreas to produce insulin which helps to maintain glucose level in the body.
(iii) Respiratory Efficiency Increases: Asthma is a common lifestyle related disease. It occurs due to narrowing of trachea, due to which oxygen supply to lungs and body is compromised. Asanas help in maintaining the trachea wide open, increase the lungs capacity and blood flow to lungs. Thus, oxygen supply is maintained and asthmatic episodes are reduced and respiratory efficiency is increased.
(iv) Regulate Blood Flow: Yoga or Asanas regulate blood flow in the body and help to maintain a constant blood pressure. They help the body to relax and thus reduce the high blood pressure. Yoga calms down the body and the mind and thus blood pressure is normalised.
SECTION – C
15. Write in detail about strength improving method–Isometric, Isotonic and Isokinetic.
Ans. (i) Isometric Exercises: They are the exercises in which muscular tension is built without any visible movement of muscle being used. Contraction during such an exercise is called isometric contraction. Work done during isometric exercise is zero. Isometric exercises are practiced by pushing or pulling an immovable object like a wall or bar anchored to the floor. Isometric exercise increases muscle tension significantly but fails to change the length of the muscles. Today, it is primarily used for rehabilitation purposes.
(a) Balancing on one foot.
(b) Pressing against the wall.
(c) Standing with heavy load on head.
(d) Maintaining a sitting posture without a chair.
(e) Holding a weight at arm’s length.
(f) Attempting to lift an immoveable object.
Characteristics of Isometric Exercise
(a) The amount of heat generated and tension developed is higher than that of isotonic.
(b) Increased muscular tension leads to tremor in muscles.
(ii) Isotonic Exercises: Exercises where we can see movement of an object on application of force are called Isotonic exercises and contraction of the muscle during such an exercise is called isotonic contraction. Isotonic exercises are carried out against a fixed resistance. As each muscle moves through its complete range, isotonic contraction creates tension with maximum effort at the beginning and end of each exercise. Two types of muscular contraction take place while performing isotonic exercise-they are concentric contraction in which length of the muscle decreases from normal size and eccentric contraction in which length of the muscle increases from normal size.
(a) Light rhythmic exercises
(b) Running downhill
(c) Sit-ups and push up
(d) Lifting free weights, like dumb-bells and barbells
(e) Hammer throw
(f) Triple Jump
(g) Landing on the ground after a jump
(iii) Isokinetic Exercises: These are the exercises in which speed remains same throughout the range of movement. It can be also called as a combination of isometric and isotonic contraction. Isokinetic exercise uses a machine that controls the speed of contraction within the range of motion. Cybex and Biodex machines provide this kind of workout, but these machines are generally used by physiotherapists and not readily available to most of the people. Exercises which are similar to isokinetic exercise in sports activity are:
(a) Ice skating
(b) Chin ups
(c) Rope climbing
16. What is endurance? Explain the various methods for its development.
Ans. Endurance refers to the body’s ability to continue using muscular strength and endure repeated contractions for an extended period of time. It is essential in exercise and when doing heavy tasks as it allows the muscles to perform for long periods of time without becoming tired. There are various methods of its development. Some are as follows:
(i) Continuous Training: Continuous training is a type of sports training that involves activity of moderate intensity with a duration of more than 15 minutes with resting intervals. It is the most common type of training and is for maintaining general health and well being. Generally, this type of training is used to prepare the body for sustained workouts such as marathons and triathlons, but can also be effective for more casual athletes. It allows the body to work from its aerobic energy stored to improve overall fitness and endurance. Chief benefits of continuous training include fat burning, muscle building, and increasing maximum aerobic potential.
(ii) Interval Training: Interval training involves periods of hard work followed by a timed period of rest, repeated several times in one training session. The periods of hard work are called high intensity activity. Rest can be active (walking, jogging etc). An example of interval training is 10 fast runs over 40 metres, with two minutes rest between each run. Variables to consider during interval training are distance/ duration of activity, intensity of activity, duration of rest, activity during rest, number of sets, and frequency of training. By varying any of these variables athletes can be progressively overloaded. This form of training also increases fitness levels for people involved in exercises.
(iii) Fartlek Training: Fartlek, which means “speed play” in Swedish, is a training method that blends continuous training with interval training. The variable intensity and continuous nature of the exercise places stress on both the aerobic and anaerobic systems. It differs from traditional interval training as it is unstructured; intensity and/or speed vary, as the athlete wishes. Fartlek training can be used to improve both the aerobic and anaerobic systems by mixing moderate activity with bursts of speed.
17. Explain Sheldon’s classification of personality and explain its importance in physical education and sports.
Ans. (i) Endomorphic: An endomorphic somatotype is also known as a viscerotonic. The characteristic traits of this somatotype usually includes being relaxed, tolerant, comfortable, and sociable. Psychologically, they are also fun-loving, good humoured, even-tempered, and they love food and affection. The Endomorph is physically “round”. They have wide hips and narrow shoulders that give a pear-shape.
They tend to have a lot of extra fat on their body and on their arms and thighs. They have skinny ankles and wrists that make the rest of their body look even bigger.
(ii) Ectomorphic: An ectomorph is the complete opposite of the endomorph. Physically, they have narrow shoulders, thin legs and arms, little fat on the body, a narrow face and a narrow chest. They may eat just as much as the endomorph but never seem to gain any weight. They always stay skinny. Personality wise, they tend to be self-conscious, socially anxious, artistic, thoughtful, quiet, and private. They always keep to themselves and are afraid to branch out.
(iii) Mesomorphic: The mesomorph is in between the endomorph and thin ectomorph. They have an attractive and desirable body. Physically, they tend to have a large head and broad shoulders with a narrow waist. They have a strong muscular body and strong arms and legs and little fat on their body. They work for the body they have so that they could have an attractive body. Psychologically, the mesomorph is adventurous and courageous. They are not afraid to break out and do new things with new people. They are assertive.
18. What are the steps and benefits of Vajrasana?
Ans. The steps and benefits of Vajrasana are:
Steps of Vajrasana:
(i) Kneel down on the ground and stretch the lower legs back while you keep them together. Make sure that your big toes perfectly cross each other.
(ii) Lower your body gently in such a manner that your buttocks rest on the heels with your thighs placed on the calf muscles.
(iii) Now place both hands on the knees and focus your gaze forward while keeping your head perfectly straight.
(iv) Direct your attention to the rhythm of your breathing. Enhancing the awareness of your breathing process and observe carefully the way you breathe in and breathe out.
(v) Close your eyes for calming your mind and concentrating on your breathing process.
(vi) Stay in this final position for at least 5-10 minutes.
Benefits of Vajrasana:
(i) Vajrasana can ease out the labour pains during pregnancy and minimize menstrual cramps.
(ii) It strengthens the sexual organs, cures joint pains, tones body muscles in the thighs, hips, and calves and removes urinary problems.
(iii) It can help in minimizing belly fat and also assist in losing weight.
(iv) Vajrasana can also help the practitioner to attain a calm and relaxed state of mind. It can help in improving the functioning of the nerves.
(v) This asana can also help in improving the functions of the liver.
(vi) It removes gas and flatulence.
(vii) The asana can make the ankle and knee joints flexible, thus preventing some forms of rheumatic diseases.
(viii) It can also remove the pain associated with arthritis.