Poverty Class 11 Economics Notes and Questions

Notes Class 11 Revision Notes

Please refer to Poverty Class 11 Economics notes and questions with solutions below. These revision notes and important examination questions have been prepared based on the latest Economics books for Class 11. You can go through the questions and solutions below which will help you to get better marks in your examinations.

Class 11 Economics Poverty Notes and Questions

Q. 1 What ii your opinion, is the lasting solution to the problem of poverty in India?
Ans. The lasting solution to the problem of poverty in India is to generate more and more opportunities of gainful employment in the economy. It is only when the people are gainful employed for longer periods of time that they are able to break the shackles (chain) of poverty. Measures such as food security for the people below poverty line or cash grants to the poor people will bring only short period relief from poverty; these measures cannot eradicate poverty.

Q. 2 Explain the three-dimensional approaches adopted by government to alleviate poverty in India?
1. Growth-Oriented approach
2. Poverty Alleviation Programmers
3. Meeting Minimum Needs of the Poor

Q. 3 Illustrate the difference between rural and urban poverty. Is it correct to say that poverty has shifted from rural to urban areas? Use the trend in poverty ratio to support your answer?
Ans. The Rural Poor – these include landless agricultural workers, marginal holders and tenants-at-will.
The Urban Poor—these include migrants from the rural areas in search of employment, casual factory workers and self-employed serving largely at street vendors.
Yes, it’s correct that poverty shifted from rural to urban areas, because the urban poor are largely the overflow of the rural poor who had migrated to urban areas in search of alternative employment and livelihood. Rural poor people always move towards urban areas whenever they didn’t find any job or work in any season in agriculture fields.
Shows poverty trends in different years related to poverty.

Q.1 The people who never move above the poverty line are known as:
A. Churning poor
B. Occasionally poor
C. Chronic poor
D. Non-poor
Ans: C

Q.2 Poverty continues to persist in India, because of
A. Rising prices
B. Rising population
C. Lack of opportunities of employment
D. All of these
Ans: D

Q.3 Who was the person in India who discuss the concept of poverty line?
A. William Digby
B. Findlay Shirras
C. Dadabhai Naoroji
D. R.C. Desai
Ans: C

Q.4 Who introduced the concept of ‘Jail Cost of Living’ ?
A. William Digby
B. Findlay Shirras
C. Dada bhai Naoroji
D. Dr. VKRV Rao
Ans: C

Q.5 MPCE stands for
A. Minimum Per Capita Expenditure
B, Monthly Per Capita Expenditure
C. Maximum Per Capita Expenditure
D. None of the above
Ans: B

Q.6 Which of the following factors make casual laborer’s the most vulnerable section in society.
A. They have no job security
B. They are not skilled
C. They don’t generate enough surplus to sustain themselves
D. All of the above
Ans: D

Q.7 Amartya Sen, noted Nobel Laureate, has developed an index to estimate poverty which is known ———— index.
Ans: Sen Index

Q.8 ———— programmers intend to improve the food and nutritional status of the poor.
A. Midday Meal Scheme
B. Public Distribution System
C. Integrated Child Development Scheme
D. All of these
Ans: A

Q.9 Math the following

Important Questions for Class 11 Economics Poverty

Ans: A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1

Q.10 When was ‘Expert Group’ was constituted by planning commission?
A. 2002
B. 1989
C. 2005
D. B and C both
Ans: D

Poverty Class 11 Economics

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