Indian Policy Notes – Parliamentary and Federal System

Study Material

The lower house of the Parliament can be dissolved by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. Therefore, in a Parliamentary form of government, the executive enjoys the right to get the legislature dissolved.

Flexible Constitution provision is not related to the federal government. For eg: the power to initiate an amendment to the Constitution lies only with the Centre.

Collective Responsibility is the bedrock system of the Parliamentary system. Council of Ministers are collectively responsible to the lower house of the Parliament.

In a parliamentary form of Government, ministers are appointed by the President (head of the state) on the recommendations of the Prime Minister (head of the government).

No division of powers and unilateral legislature are features of the Unitary system of government.

In the Presidential form of government, the President and secretaries are not responsible to the legislature.

The President cannot dissolve the House of Representatives – the lower house of Congress.

France and Britain have a unilateral form of government.

In the cabinet form of government, the lower house can remove the government by passing a veto of no confidence.

In the Presidential form of government, the President runs with a help of a small cabinet called the kitchen cabinet. It is an advisory body of non-departmental secretaries.

In the Parliamentary form of government, the government is unstable, and therefore, there are fewer chances of continuation of the policies. Every newly elected government brings a new set of policies.