Students can refer to the following MCQ on Oscillations class 11 PDF with Answers provided below based on the latest curriculum and examination pattern issued by CBSE and NCERT. Our teachers have provided here a collection of multiple-choice questions for Chapter 14 Oscillations Class 11 Physics covering all topics in your textbook so that students can assess themselves on all important topics and thoroughly prepare for their exams
MCQ on Oscillations class 11 PDF with Answers
We have provided below MCQ on Oscillations class 11 PDF with answers which will help the students to go through the entire syllabus and practice multiple choice questions provided here with solutions. As MCQ Questions for Class 11 Physics pdf download can be really scoring for students, you should go through all problems provided below so that you are able to get more marks in your exams.
Question. The equation of SHM is y = a Sin (2 pnt + a), then its phase at time ‘t’ is
(c) 2pnt + α
Question. In SHM, the acceleration is directly proportional to
(b) linear velocity
Question. The displacement of a particle in simple harmonic motion in one time period is [A = amplitude]
(b) 2 A
(c) 4 A
Question. For a body executing simple harmonic motion, which parameter comes out to be non-periodic ?
(d) None of these
Question. A system exhibiting SHM must possess
(a) inertia only
(b) elasticity as well as inertia
(c) elasticity, inertia and an external force
(d) elasticity only
Question. A particle moves in a circular path with a uniform speed. Its motion is
(c) simple harmonic
(d) angular simple harmonic
Question. The displacement of a particle is given by r = A(i coswt + jsinwt) r r r . The motion of the particle is
(a) simple harmonic
(b) on a straight line
(c) on a circle
(d) with constant acceleration.
QuestionThe motion which is not simple harmonic is
(a) vertical oscillations of a spring
(b) motion of simple pendulum
(c) motion of a planet around the Sun
(d) oscillation of liquid column in a U-tube
Question. Select the incorrect statement(s) from the following.
I. A simple harmonic motion is necessarily periodic.
II. A simple harmonic motion may be oscillatory
III. An oscillatory motion is necessarily periodic
(a) I only
(b) II and III
(c) I and III
(d) I and II
Question. The phase difference between the instantaneous velocity and acceleration of a particle executing simple harmonic motion is
Question. Which of the following is a simple harmonic motion?
(a) Particle moving through a string fixed at both ends.
(b) Wave moving through a string fixed at both ends.
(c) Earth spinning about its axis.
(d) Ball bouncing between two rigid vertical walls.
Question. A particle moves on the X-axis according to the equation x = A cos (wt + kx) + B sin (wt + kx). The motion is simple harmonic with amplitude
(c) A + B
(d) A2 + B2
Question. Suppose a tunnel is dug along a diameter of the earth. A particle is dropped from a point, a distance h directly above the tunnel, the motion of the particle is
(a) simple harmonic
Question. The graph plotted between the velocity and displacement from mean position of a particle executing SHM is
(d) straight line
Question. A particle of mass 1 kg is moving in S.H.M. with an amplitude 0.02 and a frequency of 60 Hz. The maximum force acting on the particle is
(a) 144 Π2
(b) 188 Π2
(c) 288 Π2
(d) None of these
Question. For a particle moving according to the equation x = a cos p t, the displacement in 3 s is
Question. A body executing linear simple harmonic motion has a velocity of 3 m/s when its displacement is 4 cm and a velocity of 4 m/s when its displacement is 3 cm. What is the amplitude of oscillation ?
(a) 5 cm
(b) 7.5 cm
(c) 10 cm
(d) 12.5 cm
Question. The ratio of maximum acceleration to maximum velocity in a simple harmonic motion is 10 s–1. At, t = 0 the displacement is 5 m. The initial phase is 4 p . What is the maximum acceleration?
(a) 500 m/s2
(b) 500 2 m/s2
(c) 750 m/s2
(d) 750 2 m/s2
Question. The amplitude of a particle executing SHM is 4 cm. At the mean position the speed of the particle is 16 cm/sec. The distance of the particle from the mean position at which the speed of the particle becomes 8 √3 cm/s, will be
(c) 1 cm
(d) 2 cm
Question. Two particles are oscillating along two close parallel straight lines side by side, with the same frequency and amplitudes. They pass each other, moving in opposite directions when their displacement is half of the amplitude. The mean positions of the two particles lie on a straight line perpendicular to the paths of the two particles. The phase difference is
Question. The total energy of a particle executing S.H.M. is proportional to
(a) displacement from equilibrium position
(b) frequency of oscillation
(c) velocity in equilibrium position
(d) square of amplitude of motion
Question. If a is the amplitude of SHM, then K.E. is equal to the P.E. at ………… distance from the mean position.
Question. Which of the following is true about total mechanical energy of SHM ?
(a) It is zero at mean position.
(b) It is zero at extreme position.
(c) It is always zero.
(d) It is never zero.
Question. Assertion : The graph of total energy of a particle in SHM w.r.t. position is a straight line with zero slope. Reason : Total energy of particle in SHM remains constant throughout its otion.
(a) Assertion is correct, reason is correct; reason is a correct explanation for assertion.
(b) Assertion is correct, reason is correct; reason is not a correct explanation for assertion
(c) Assertion is correct, reason is incorrect
(d) Assertion is incorrect, reason is correct.
Question. In S.H.M. the ratio of kinetic energy at mean position to the potential energy when the displacement is half of the amplitude is
Question. Starting from the origin a body oscillates simple harmonically with a period of 2 s. After what time will its kinetic energy be 75% of the total energy?
Question. A body executes simple harmonic motion. The potential energy (P.E.), the kinetic energy (K.E.) and total energy (T.E.) are measured as a function of displacement x. Which of the following statement is true?
(a) P.E. is maximum when x = 0.
(b) K.E. is maximum when x = 0.
(c) T.E. is zero when x = 0.
(d) K.E. is maximum when x is maximum.
Question. If < E > and < U > denote the average kinetic and the average potential energies respectively of mass describing a simple harmonic motion, over one period, then the correct relation is
(a) < E > = < U >
(b) < E > = 2< U >
(c) < E > = –2< U >
(d) < E > = – < U >
Question. A particle is executing simple harmonic motion with amplitude A. When the ratio of its kinetic energy to the potential energy is 1 , 4 its displacement from its mean position is
(a) 2√5 A
Question. A mass of 4 kg suspended from a spring of force constant 800 N m–1 executes simple harmonic oscillations. If the total energy of the oscillator is 4 J, the maximum acceleration (in s–2) of the mass is
Question. A pendulum is hung from the roof of a sufficiently high building and is moving freely to and fro like a simple harmonic oscillator. The acceleration of the bob of the pendulum is 20 m/s2 at a distance of 5 m from the mean position. The time period of oscillation is
(a) 2∏ s
(b) ∏ s
(c) 1 s
(d) 2 s
Question. A silver atom in a solid oscillates in simple harmonic motion in some direction with a frequency of 1012/sec. What is the force constant of the bonds connecting one atom with the other? (Mole wt. of silver = 108 and Avagadro number = 6.02 ×1023 gm mole –1)
(a) 6.4 N/m
(b) 7.1 N/m
(c) 2.2 N/m
(d) 5.5 N/m
Question. Two oscillators are started simultaneously in same phase.
After 50 oscillations of one, they get out of phase by p, that is half oscillation. The percentage difference of frequencies of the two oscillators is nearest to
Question. A pendulum is swinging in an elevator. Its period will be greatest when the elevator is
(a) moving upwards at constant speed
(b) moving downwards
(c) moving downwards at constant speed
(d) accelerating downwards
Question. The time period of a seconds pendulum is 2 sec.
The spherical bob which is empty from inside has a mass 50 gram, this now is replaced by another solid of same radius but have different mass of 100 gram. The new time period will be
(a) 2 sec
(b) 8 sec
(c) 4 sec
(d) 1 sec
Question. A particle of mass m executes simple harmonic motion with amplitude a and frequency n. The average kinetic energy during its motion from the position of equilibrium to the end is
(c) 1/4 ma2v2
(d) 4 ma2v2
Question. The total energy of the particle executing simple harmonic motion of amplitude A is 100 J. At a distance of 0.707 A from the mean position, its kinetic energy is
(a) 25 J
(b) 50 J
(c) 100 J
(d) 12.5 J
Question. When the displacement of a particle executing simple harmonic motion is half of its amplitude, the ratio of its kinetic energy to potential energy is
(a) 1 : 3
(b) 2 : 1
(c) 3 : l
(d) l : 2
Question. If a particle takes 0.5 sec to reach position of minimum velocity from previous such position, then
(a) T = 6 sec, n = 1/6 Hz
(b) T = 2 sec, n = 1 Hz
(c) T = 3 sec, n = 3 Hz
(d) T = 1 sec, n = 1 Hz
Question. A simple harmonic motion has an amplitude A and time period T. The time required by it to travel from x = A to x = A/2 is
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