# The World Population Distribution Density and Growth Class 12 Geography Important Questions

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## Important Questions of The World Population Distribution Density and Growth Class 12

I. Read the case study given below and answer the questions that follow:

The people of a country are its real wealth. It is they who make use of the country’s resources and decide its policies. Ultimately a country is known by its people. It is important to know how many women and men a country has, how many children are born each year, how many people die and how?
Whether they live in cities or villages, can they read or write and what work do they do? The world at the beginning of 21st century recorded the presence of over 6 billion population.
The population of the world is unevenly distributed. The remark of George B. Gressey about the population of Asia that “Asia has many places where people are few and few places where people are very many” is true about the pattern of population distribution of the world also.

Question. What is the real wealth of a country?
(A) Government
(B) People
(C) Educational institutes
(D) Economy

Answer

B

Question. Why is it important to know how many women and men a country has, how many children are born each year, how many people die?
(A) For planning purpose
(B) For push factors
(C) For pull factors
(D) For preparing military strength

Answer

A

Question. The knowledge of how many women and men a country has, how many children are born each year, how many people die and how is known as:
(A) Density data
(B) Population data
(C) Sensex data
(D) None of the above

Answer

B

Question. The world at the beginning of 21st century recorded the presence of over __________population.
(A) 6 billion
(B) 8 billion
(C) 10 million
(D) 6 million

Answer

A

II. Read the case study given below and answer the questions that follow:

There are three components of population change – births, deaths and migration. Death rate plays an active role in population change. Population growth occurs not only by increasing births rate but also due to decreasing death rate. Crude Death Rate (CDR) is a simple method of measuring mortality of any area. CDR is expressed in terms of number of deaths in a particular year per thousand of population in a particular region. By and large mortality rates are affected by the region’s demographic structure, social advancement and levels of its economic development.

Question. Name the three components of population change.
(A) Migration, economy, education
(B) Migration, birth rate , death rate
(C) Migration, industries , agriculture
(D) None of the Above

Answer

B

Question. ___________ plays an active role in population change.
(A) Birth rate
(B) Death rate
(C) Accidents
(D) Immigration

Answer

B

Question. Which method is used for measuring the mortality of an area?
(A) Crude Birth Rate
(B) Crude Death Rate
(C) Population Index
(D) None of the above

Answer

B

Question. Name two factors that affect the mortality rate.
(A) Economic development, death rate
(B) Demographic structure, economic growth
(C) Social advancement , birth rate
(D) Social advancement , demographic structure

Answer

D

III. Read the case study given below and answer the questions that follow:

A small increase in population is desirable in a growing economy. However, population growth beyond a certain level leads to problems. Of these the depletion of resources is the most serious.Population decline is also a matter of concern.It indicates that resources that had supported a population earlier are now insufficient to maintain the population. The deadly HIV/ AIDS epidemics in Africa and some parts of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and Asia have pushed up death rates and reduced average life expectancy.This has slowed down population growth.

Question. What is the correlation between population economy?
(A) High population growth leads to high economic growth
(B) High population growth leads to limited economic growth
(C) Less population growth leads to exponential economic growth
(D) None of the Above

Answer

B

Question. Population decline is a matter of ________ .
(A) happiness
(B) concern
(C ) economic growth
(D) push factors

Answer

B

Question. ____________ is an estimate of the average number of additional years that a person of a given age can expect to live.
(A) Average life span
(B) Average death span
(C) Average life expectancy
(D) Average death expectancy

Answer

C

Question. The increase in the number of individuals in a population is known as:
(A) Population growth
(B) Population stability
(C) Population blast
(D) None of the Above

Answer

A

IV. Study the given graph carefully and answer the following questions :

Question. How does the natural increase in population occur, as per the graph?
(A) Birth Rate – Death Rate
(B) Death Rate + Birth Rate
(C) Growth Rate – Birth Rate
(D) Birth Rate + Migration

Answer

B

Question. What does the transition from high fluctuating stage to low fluctuating stage indicate?
(A) Shift from Urban Industrial economy to Rural Agrarian economy
(B) Shift from Rural Agrarian economy to Urban Industrial economy
(C) Low Birth and Death Rate to High Birth and Death Rate
(D) Migration from Urban to Rural areas

Answer

B

Question. From the given graph, what condition can you infer about the developing countries?
(A) High Birth Rate and High Death Rate
(B) Low Birth rate and Low Death rate
(C) High Birth Rate and Low Birth Rate
(D) Low Birth Rate and High Death Rate

Answer

C

Question. In which stage of Demographic Transition,population explosion took place :
(A) Stage I
(B) Stage II
(C) Stage III
(D) Post Stage III

Answer

B

V. Study the given graph carefully and answer the following questions :

Q. 1. Identify the Asian country with the maximum population.
(A) India
(B) China
(C) Pakistan
(D) USA

Answer

B

Question. Why is Japan’s population decreasing?
(A) No pull factors
(B) Terrorism
(C) Government policies
(D) Low fertility rate

Answer

D

Question. Why is Brazil sparsely populated?
(A) Due to climate
(B) Due to drug mafia
(C) Due to less land availability
(D) None of the Above

Answer

A

Question. Why is Asia the most populous continent?
(A) No contact with Western world
(B) Dictatorship
(C) No emigration allowed
(D) Rich in natural resources
Ans. Option (D) is correct.

Answer

D

VI. Study the given graph carefully and answer the following questions :

Question. Which of these periods closely represents the European explorations?
(A) 1 CE to 1600 CE
(B) 1500 CE to 1700 CE
(C) 1520 CE to 1900 CE
(D) 1650 CE to 1950 CE

Answer

C

Question. In how many years did world population increase from 4 billion to 5 billion?
(A) 12 years
(B) 15 years
(C) 30 years
(D) 100 years

Answer

A

Question. What is the speciality of the period 1650 CE to present?
(A) Development and spread of agriculture
(B) Colonialization
(C) Technological revolutions
(D) Transportation

Answer

C

Question. What was the approximate population of the world in 1600s?
(A) 0.25 billion
(B) 0.5 billion
(C) 0.75 billion
(D) 1 billion

Answer

B