Please refer to Class 10 Social Science Sample Paper Term 1 With Solutions Set F provided below. The Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science have been prepared based on the latest pattern issued by CBSE. Students should practice these guess papers for class 10 social science to gain more practice and get better marks in examinations. The Term 1 Sample Papers for Social Science Standard 10 will help you to understand the type of questions which can be asked in upcoming examinations.
Term 1 Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science With Solutions Set F
(Very Short Answer Questions)
1. How did image of Bharat Mata and folklore strengthening the nationalism in India?
Answer : Image of Bharat Mata: The identity of nation was symbolised in an image. Abanindranath Tagore painted the famous image of Bharat Mata. Devotion to this mother figure came to be seen as an evidence of one’s nationalism.
Folklore: Nationalists toured villages to gather folktales. These tales gave a true picture of one’s national identity and helped in restoring a sense of pride in one’s past.
2. How many major ports does India have? Name any two ports. What is the percentage of foreign trade handled by the major ports?
Answer : India has 12 major ports. The two ports are:
(i) Kandla port (ii) Mumbai port
95% of India’s foreign trade is handled by the twelve major ports.
3. Give an assessment of two-party system with examples.
Answer : In some countries power usually changes between two major parties. Several other parties exist, contest elections and win a few seats in the legislature. But only two main parties have a serious chance of winning and forming government. For example, countries like UK, Canada, England and US follow two-party system. In this type of party system, the winning party forms the government and the other party forms the opposition.
4. How many jute mills are there in India? Where are most of them located? Mention one challenge faced by the jute industry.
Answer : There are about 78 jute mills in India. Most of them are located in West Bengal, mainly along the banks of the Hugli river, in a narrow belt. Stiff competition in the international market from synthetic substitutes and from other competitors like Bangladesh, Brazil, etc.
5. Study the diagram given below and answer the following questions:
5.1 Which are the two major sources of credit for rural households in India?
Answer : Moneylenders and cooperative societies are the two major sources of credit for rural households in India.
5.2 Who is it the most dominant source of credit in rural household? Give one reasons.
Answer : Moneylenders are the most dominant sources of credit for rural households. It is so, because rural households need not to produce certificate of their earning or documents of their employment while borrowing money from the money lenders.
(Short Answer Type Questions)
6. Why is cheap and affordable credit important for the country’s development? Explain three reasons.
Answer : Cheap and affordable credit is important for the country’s development because of the following reasons:
(i) This would lead to higher incomes and many people could then borrow cheaply for a variety of needs.
(ii) They could grow crops, do business, set up small scale industries, etc.
(iii) They could set up new industries or trade. All these lead to the country’s development.
How is money transferred from one bank account to another bank account? Explain with an example.
Answer : If a person has to make a payment to his or her friend and writes a cheque for a specific amount, this means that the person instructs his bank to pay this amount to his friend. His friend takes this cheque and deposits it in his account in the bank. This said amount is transferred from one bank account to another bank account.
7. “The Congress was reluctant to include the demands of industrial workers in its programme of struggle.” Analyse the reasons.
Answer : The Congress was reluctant to include the demands of industrial workers in its programme of struggle, because:
(i) The industrial working classes did not participate in the Civil Disobedience Movement in large numbers, except in the Nagpur region.
(ii) As the industrialists came closer to the Congress, workers stayed aloof.
(iii) The Congress felt that by including workers’ demands as part of its programme of struggle it would alienate industrialists and divide the anti-imperial forces.
8. “Lack of internal democracy is a challenge to the efficient functioning of Indian political parties.” Support the statement with examples.
Answer : Lack of internal democracy is a challenge to the efficient functioning of Indian political parties. It is so because:
(i) Ordinary members of the party do not get sufficient information on what happens inside the party. They do not have the means or the connections needed to influence the decisions. As a result, the leaders assume greater power to make decisions in the name of the party.
(ii) Since one or a few leaders exercise paramount power in the party, those who disagree with the leadership find it difficult to continue in the party.
(iii) More than loyalty to party principles and policies, personal loyalty to the leaders becomes more important.
(Long Answer Type Questions)
9. Explain the consequences on which democracy has failed.
Answer : Consequences on which democracy has failed:
(i) If democracies are expected to produce good governments, then it is fair to expect that they would also produce development evidence shows that in practice many democracies did fulfil this expectation. The inability of democracy to achieve higher economic development worries us.
(ii) Democracy is the government of the people hence, one can expect it to reduce economic disparities. But, it is a bitter truth that even when a country achieves economic growth, wealth is not distributed in such a way that all citizens of the country will have a share and lead a better life. Most of the democrats of the world have miserably failed on this issue.
(iii) Democracies have also failed on the issue of poverty reduction. A smaller number of ultra rich enjoy a highly disproportionate share of wealth and incomes. Those at the bottom of the society have very little to depend upon. Their incomes have been declining.
(iv) Democracies often frustrate the needs of the people and often ignore the demands of a majority of its population.
The routine talks of corruption are enough to convince us that democracy is not free of this evil.
“Some people think that democracy produces a less effective government.” Analyse the statement.
Answer : It is true some people think that democracy produces a less effective government because:
(i) Non-democratic rulers do not have to bother about deliberation in assemblies or worry about majorities and public opinion.
(ii) They can be very quick and efficient in decision making and implementation.
(iii) But democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation. So, some delay is bound to take place.
(iv) Most democracies fall short of elections that provide a fair chance to everyone.
(v) Democratic governments do not have a very good record when it comes to sharing information with citizens.
(vi) Democracies often frustrate the needs of the people and often ignore the demands of a majority of its population.
10. Why are trade barriers imposed on a foreign trade and investment in a country? Explain with the help of two illustrations.
Answer : Trade barriers are imposed on the foreign trade and foreign investment in a country so that goods could be imported and exported easily and foreign companies could set up factories and offices here. Trade barrier means restrictions
imposed on import and export of goods. It is so called because some restrictions have been set up. The trade barriers provide protection to domestic goods from foreign competition. The government can use barriers to increase or decrease (regulate) foreign trade and to decide what kind of goods and services and how much of each should come into the country.
Reasons for putting barriers to foreign trade and foreign investment by the Indian Government were:
(i) To protect the domestic producers within the country from foreign competition.
(ii) The competition from importers would have crippled the new-born industries of India. In such a situation, imports of only such commodities were allowed which were quite necessary such as machinery, fertilisers, petroleum, etc.
(iii) During 1950s and 1960s, competition from imports was giving a death blow to growing industries in India.
Hence, India allowed imports of only essential goods.
Benefits of foreign trade are:
(i) With the opening of trade, goods travel from one market to another.
(ii) Choice of goods in markets rises.
(iii) Prices of similar goods in two markets tend to become equal.
(iv) Producers in the two countries now closely compete against each other even though they are at the distance of thousands of miles.
For example, production of cars by Ford Motors in India would lead to interlinking of production. Ford Motors will produce various car components in India.
Some other components may be produced elsewhere on the globe. Components produced in India will be shipped to Ford factories outside India. Components and other resources will be shipped to India for automobiles to be produced in India. All these processes will result in the interlinking of production.
Technology has stimulated the globalisation process.” Support the statement with examples.
Answer : Rapid improvement in technology has stimulated the globalisation process:
(i) Transportation technology has made much faster delivery of goods across long distances possible at lower costs.
(ii) There are even more remarkable developments in information and communication technology.
(iii) Telecommunication facilities are used to contact one another around the world, to access information instantly, and to communicate from remote areas.
(iv) Through internet, one can obtain and share information on almost anything. It also allows to send e-mail and talk across the world at negligible costs.
For example, a news magazine published for London readers is to be designed and printed in Delhi. The text of the magazine is sent through Internet to the Delhi office. The designers in the Delhi office get orders on how to design the magazine from the office in London using telecommunication facilities. The designing is done on a computer. After printing, the magazines are sent by air to London. Even the payment of money for designing and printing from a bank in London to a bank in Delhi is done instantly through the Internet.
(Case Based Questions) 4×2=8
11. Read the given text and answer the following questions:
Another means of creating a feeling of nationalism was through reinterpretation of history. By the end of the nineteenth century many Indians began feeling that to instill a sense of pride in the nation, Indian history had to be thought about differently. The British saw Indians as backward and primitive, incapable of governing themselves. In response, Indians began looking into the past to discover India’s great achievements. They wrote about the glorious developments in ancient times when art and architecture, science and mathematics, religion and culture, law and philosophy, crafts and trade had flourished. This glorious time, in their view, was followed by a history of decline, when India was colonised. These nationalist histories urged the readers to take pride in India’s great achievements in the past and struggle to change the miserable conditions of life under British rule.
11.1 What was the main factor in the emergence of modern nationalism in India?
Answer : Anti-colonial movement.
11.2 What was the response of Indians when British saw Indians backward and primitive?
Answer : Indians started looking into the past to discover India’s great achievements. They wrote about the glorious development in ancient times when art and architecture, science and mathematics, religion and culture, land and philosophy, craft and trade had florished.
11.3 How was the idea or feeling of nationalism created through reinterpretation or revival of Indian history?
Answer : The idea or feeling of nationalism created through reinterpretation or revival of Indian history through:
(i) The British always described Indians as backwards, uncivilised and incapable of ruling themselves.
(ii) The nationalist historians urged the readers to take pride in India’s great achievements and struggle to change the miserable conditions of India.
12. Read the given text and answer the following questions:
Today, the world has been coverted into a large village with the help of efficient and fast moving transport.
Transport has been able to achieve this with the help of equally developed communication system. Therefore, transport, communication and trade are complementary to each other. Today, India is well-linked with the rest of the world despite its vast size, diversity and linguistic and sociocultural plurality. Railways, airways, waterways, newspapers, radio, television, cinema and internet, etc. have been contributing to its socio-economic progress in many ways. The trade from local to international levels have added to the vitality of its economy.
It has enriched our life and added substantially to growing amenities and facilities for the comforts of life.
The modern means of transport and communication serve as lifelines of our nation and its modern economy.
It is thus, evident that a dense and efficient network of transport and communication is a prequisite for local, national and global trade of today.
12.1 How has the world been covered into a large village?
Answer : The world has been covered into a large village with the help of efficient and fast moving transport. Transport achieve this with the help of equally developed communication system.
12.2 What is the significance of means of transport as communication for socio-economic progress?
Answer : The modern means of transport and communication serve as lifelines of our nation and its modern economy. It is thus, the efficient network of transport and communication pre-requisite for the fast development of a nation.
12.3 What is pre-requisite for the fast development of a nation?
Answer : The significance of means of transport as communication for socio-economic progress are:
(i) It creates job opportunities.
(ii) It helps to grow economy.
(iii) It also helps in the interlinking the world.
(Map Skill Based Question)
13. 13.1 On the given outline Political Map of India, identify the place marked as A with the help of following information and write its correct name on the line marked near it.
(A) The place related to the calling off the Non-Cooperation Movement. 1
13.2 On the same map of India, locate the following:
I. Singrauli Thermal Power Plant 1
Gandhinagar Software Technology Park
II. Paradwip – Major Port