Please refer to Class 10 Social Science Sample Paper Term 2 With Solutions Set E provided below. The Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science have been prepared based on the latest pattern issued by CBSE. Students should practice these guess papers for class 10 social science to gain more practice and get better marks in examinations. The Term 2 Sample Papers for Social Science Standard 10 will help you to understand the type of questions which can be asked in upcoming examinations.
Term 2 Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science With Solutions Set E
Section – A
1. Discuss the various stages of the Non-Cooperation Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi.
Answer : Gandhiji proposed that the movement should unfold in stages:
1st Stage–Surrender of titles that the government awarded.
2nd Stage–Boycott of Civil Services, Army, Police, Courts and Legislative, Councils, Schools and Foreign Goods.
3rd Stage–Then, in case the government used repression, a full civil disobedience campaign would be launched.
2. The economic strength of a country lies in the development of manufacturing industries . Explain with the help of any two points.
Answer : The economic strength of a country lies in the development of manufacturing industries because:
(i) Manufacturing industries help in modernising agriculture which forms the backbone of our economy.
(ii) It reduces the heavy dependence of people on the agriculture sector and creates jobs in secondary and tertiary sectors.
(iii) It is necessary for the removal of unemployment and poverty.
(iv) It brings down regional disparities.Export of manufactured goods expands trade and commerce and enhances prosperity.
(v) It brings much needed Foreign Exchange.
3. Describe the necessity of political parties in a democratic country?
Answer : Necessity of political parties in democratic country:
(i) Without political parties, democracies cannot exist.
(ii) If we do not have political parties, in such a situation every candidate in elections will be independent.
(iii) No one will be able to make any promises to the people about any major policy changes.
(iv) The government may be formed, but its utility will remain uncertain.
(v) Elected representatives will be accountable to their constituency for what they do in their locality. But no one will be responsible for how the country will run.
4. How can money be easily exchanged for goods or services? Give example to explain.
Answer : Money acts as a medium to exchange itself for goods and services:
A person holding money can easily exchange it for any commodity or service that he or she wants. Everyone prefers to receive payments in money and exchanges the money for things he wants. For example: A shoemaker wants to sell shoes in the market and buy wheat. The shoemaker will first exchange shoes for money and then exchange the money for wheat. If the shoemaker had to directly exchange shoes for wheat without the use of money, he would have to look for wheat growing farmer who not only wants to sell wheat but also wants to buy the shoe in exchange. Both parties have to agree to sell and buy each other’s commodities. This process is very difficult, time consuming and unhealthy.
5. Read the data in the table given below and answer the questions that follow:
5.1 On the basis of the given data, give any one reason why the cotton textile industry has grown rapidly over the years in India.
Answer : India held world monopoly in the manufacturing of cotton textiles for about 3,000 years from about BC 1500 to AD 1500.
(ii) Cotton Textile Industry contributes 14 per cent of the total Industrial Production.
(ii) It provides employment to 35 million persons directly – the Second largest after Agriculture.
(iii) It earns Foreign Exchange of about 24.6 per cent (4 per cent of GDP).
5.2 Write any one factor which were responsible for the concentration of Cotton Textile Industry in Maharashtra and Gujarat in early years?
Answer : (i) Availability of raw cotton, market and transport including accessible port facilities.
(ii) Cheap labour.
(iii) Moist climate has caused the concentration of cotton textile industries in Mumbai and Ahmedabad region.
Section – B
6. Why did Gandhiji decide to withdraw the ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’ in February, 1922? Explain any three reasons.
Answer : Withdrawal of Non-Cooperation Movement in February 1922:
(i) Gandhiji felt the movement was turning violent in many places.
(ii) A clash took place at Chauri Chaura in Uttar Pradesh.
(iii) A group of volunteers picketing a liquor shop were beaten up by a Police Officer.
7. What is meant by a ‘National Political Party’? State the conditions required to be a National Political Party.
Answer : A party that secures at least six per cent of total votes in Lok Sabha elections or Assembly elections in four States and wins at least four seats in the Lok Sabha is recognised as a national party.
(i) A party that secures at least 6% of the total votes in general elections of Lok Sabha or Assembly elections in four states.
(ii) Wins at least 4 seats in Lok Sabha.
8. “Poor households still depend on informal sources of credit”. Support the statement with examples.
“Barriers on foreign trade and foreign investment were removed to a large extent in India since 1991.” Justify the statement.
Answer : Poor households still depend on informal sources of credit because:
(i) Banks are not present everywhere in the rural areas.
(ii) Even when they are present, getting a loan from the bank is much more difficult than taking a loan from informal sources.
(iii) Mega banks or public sector banks require proper documents and collateral.
(iv) Absence of collateral is one of the major reasons which prevents the poor from getting bank loans.
(v) Informal lenders such as moneylenders know the borrowers personally and they are willing to give a loan without collateral.
Removal of barriers on foreign trade and foreign investment:
(i) Barriers on foreign trade and foreign investment were partially removed.
(ii) Goods could be imported and exported easily.
(iii) Foreign companies could setup factories and offices here.
(iv) Indian producers got opportunities to compete with producers around the globe.
Section – C
9. Democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities”. Justify the statement.
What are the differences between democracy and dictatorship in the decision making process?
Answer : Success of democracies in reducing economic inequalities:
(i) We find growing economic inequalities in democratic countries.
(ii) A small number of ultra-rich enjoys a highly disproportionate share of wealth and incomes.
(iii) Their share in the total income of the country has been increasing.
(iv) The income of the poor has been declining. sometimes they find it difficult to meet their basic needs of life.
(v) Though democracies are gradually reducing the number of poor suffering from poverty and hunger.
Difference between democracy and dictatorship in the process decision-making:
(i) In democracy, the decisions are based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation while in dictatorship the process of decision-making is not bothered with majorities or public opinions.
(ii) There is necessary delay in decision-making process in democracy. In dictatorship, decision making can be quick and efficient.
(iii) Decision made in democracy are generally more effective and acceptable people than those taken in dictatorship.
(iv) A citizen has the right and means to examine the process of decision making in democracy. In dictatorship, transparency is missing.
(v) A democratic government is accountable to its people. These is no accountability of the government to the people in case of a dictatorship government.
10. Why do multinational corporations (MNCs) set up their offices and factories in certain areas only? Explain any five reasons.
Which type of deposits with the banks are called demand deposits? State some important features of demand deposits.
Answer : (i) MNCs set up their companies in areas where they get cheap labour.
(ii) A large industry or a company means far more productivity so they need more labour and it will be just their benefit to get cheap labour.
(iii) While they select areas with high level of resources so that they can cut off the rate of transportations to an extent.
(iv) By choosing an area which is full of natural resources they can easily set up plants.
(v) By this, they can also provide their products to their consumers more efficiently and with more profit while cutting the costs involved in this.
People save their money in banks by opening an account. The deposits in the bank accounts can be withdrawn on demand, so these deposits are called demand deposits.
(i) Banks accept the deposits and also pay an interest rate on the deposits. In this way, people’s money is safe with the banks and it also earns interest.
(ii) The facility of cheques against demand deposits makes it possible to directly settle payments without the use of cash. Since, demand deposits are accepted widely as a means of payment, along with currency, they constitute money in the modern economy.
(iii) It is authorised by the government of the country.
(iv) The make it feasible to directly make payments without the use of cash.
Section – D
11. Read the given text and answer the following questions:
Emboldened with this success, Gandhiji in 1919 decided to launch a nationwide Satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act (1919). This Act had been hurriedly passed through the Imperial Legislative Council despite the united opposition of the Indian members. It gave the government enormous powers to repress political activities, and allowed detention of political prisoners without trial for two years. Mahatma Gandhi wanted non-violent civil disobedience against such unjust laws, which would start with a strike on 6 April. Rallies were organised in various cities, workers went on strike in railway workshops, and shops closed down. Alarmed by the popular upsurge, and scared that lines of communication such as the railways and telegraph would be disrupted, the British administration decided to clamp down on nationalists. Local leaders were picked up fromAmritsar, and Mahatma Gandhi was barred from entering Delhi. On 10 Aprit the police in Amritsar fired upon a peaceful procession, provoking widespread attacks on banks, post offices and railway stations. Martial law was imposed and General Dyer took command.
11.1 What was Rowlatt Act according to this paragraph?
Answer : According to this paragraph Rowlatt act (1919) is law which gave the government enormous powers to repress political activities and allowed detention of political prisoness without trial for two years.
11.2 What did Gandhiji do to protest against the Rowlatt Act?
Answer : Gandhiji in 1919 decided to launch a nationwide satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act 1919.
11.3 What did Mahatma Gandhi actually want against laws such as Rowlatt Act?
Answer : Mahatma Gandhi wanted non violent civil disobedience against such unjust laws such as Rowlatt Act.
12. Read the given text and answer the following questions:
Today, the world has been converted into a large village with the help of efficient and fast moving transport. Transport has been able to achieve this with the help of equally developed communication system. Therefore, transport, communication and trade are complementary to each other.
Today, India is well-linked with the rest of the world despite its vast size, diversity and linguistic and socio-cultural plurality. Railways, airways, waterways, newspapers, radio, television, cinema and internet, etc., have been contributing to its socio-economic progress in many ways.
The trades from local to international levels have added to the vitality of its economy. It has enriched our life and added substantially to growing amenities and facilities for the comforts of life. It is thus, evident that a dense and efficient network of transport and communication is a prerequisite for locat national and global trade of today.
12.1 Why is there a need to interlink with the world?
Answer : For development, advancement and globalization.
12.2 Infer the importance of means of transportation and communication for socio-economic progress?
Answer : (i) They are the very basis of industries and trade of country.
(ii) Create job employment opportunities.
(iii) Help to grow economy.
(iv) Transport maintains the movement of persons and products from one region to another region of the country.
(v) For sending and receiving messages.
(vi) Interlinking world.
(vii) Increases awareness among the people at national level.
(viii) Help in defending the independence and the national unity of a country.
12.3. How does trade strengthen the economy of a country?
Answer : (i) Trade between nation and countries are the index to its economic prosperity
(ii) It generates employment
(iii) It helps in earning foreign exchange
Section – E
13. 13.1 On the given outline Political Map of India, identify the place marked as A with the help of following information and write its correct name on the line marked near it.
(A) The place where cotton mill workers organized satyagraha in 1918.
13.2 On the same given map of India, locate the following:
(I) Namrup thermal power station
Salem Iron & Steel Plant
(II) Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport
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