Environment Sustainable Development Class 11 Economics Notes and Questions

Notes Class 11 Revision Notes

Please refer to Environment Sustainable Development Class 11 Economics notes and questions with solutions below. These revision notes and important examination questions have been prepared based on the latest Economics books for Class 11. You can go through the questions and solutions below which will help you to get better marks in your examinations.

Class 11 Economics Environment Sustainable Development Notes and Questions

Q1. Correction for environmental damages involves opportunity costs. Explain.
opportunity cost of correcting the environmental damages is the total monetary and non-monetary sacrifices that an economy has to make.

Q2. Explain the supply-demand reversal of environment resources.
Prior to industrialization, demand for natural resources did not exceed their supply.
Owing to industrial growth there has been experiencing the overuse as well as misuse of natural resources.
Supply of resources has suffered a reversal from abundance to paucity.
Demand on the other hand has reversed from manageable to unmanageable limits.

Q3. Sustainable development is a process to be adopted as a daily life activity. Write your observation.
stop littering
Minimize the emission of smoke
Use public transport
Recycling the waste
Refrain from tree- felling
Not to build house on un authorized areas
Avoid overuse and misuse of resources you have etc.

Q4. Challenge of poverty must be addressed prior to the challenge of environmental degradation. State your views.
poverty leads to tree-felling
Poverty causes the mushrooming of slums
Poverty pushes the population growth rate high etc.

1.Which of the following is a component of environment?
(a) Living elements only
(b) Non-living elements only
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these
Ans. c

2.Which of the following is not considered as an element of environment?
(a) Air
(b) Land
(c) Weather
(d) Electricity
Ans. d

3.Which of the following is a reason of noise pollution?
(a) Domestic sewerage
(b) Industrial waste
(c) Industrial machines
(d) Emission of gases
Ans. c

4.Which of the following is a cause of environmental degradation?
(a) Population explosion
(b) Increasing urbanization
(c) Rapid industrialization
(d) All of these
Ans. d

5.Sustainable development is that development which satisfies the need of:
(a) present generation only
(b) future generation only
(c) both (a) and (b)
(d) none of these
Ans. c

6.Which of the following is a necessary condition of sustainable development?
(a) Increase in the quality of life
(b) Reduction in the level of pollution
(c) Conservation of the stock of natural capital
(d) All of these
Ans. d

7.An increase in real income along with equitable distribution is called:
(a) economic growth
(b) economic development
(c) sustainable development
(d) none of these
Ans. b

8.Which of the following statements highlight the significance of environment?
(a) It offers resources for production
(b) It enhances quality of life
(c) It sustains life
(d) All of these
Ans. d

9.The basic problem related to environment is:
(a) problem of pollution
(b) problem of excessive exploitation of natural resources
(c) problem of degeneration
(d) both (a) and (b)
Ans. d

10.Which of the following factors contribute to air pollution?
(a) Smoke emitted by industries
(b) Poisonous gases emitted in the process of chemical treatment of the material ls
(c) Emission of gases by motor vehicles
(d) All of these
Ans. d

11.Industrial waste streaming into the rivers contributes to:
(a) air pollution
(b) water pollution
(c) land pollution
(d) noise pollution
Ans. b

12.Principal cause of environmental pollution is:
(a) population explosion
(b) rapid industrialization
(c) increased urbanization
(d) all of these
Ans. d

13.Which of the following is the strategy for sustainable development?
(a) Integrated rural development
(b) Shift to organic farming
(c) Output-efficient technology
(d) Both (a) and (b)
Ans. d

14.Which of the following statements is correct:
a) Global Warming is entirely a natural phenomenon
b) Global warming is simply an another term form green house effect
c) Global warming is the rise in average temperature at the earth surface
d) Global warming is caused ozone depletion
Ans. c

15.Absorptive capacity is defined as :
a) Ability of the environment to absorb degradation
b) Resource generation within the assimilating capacity of the environment
c) Average number of organisms living in a given environment
d) The minimum population surviving in the world as a whole
Ans. a

Environment Sustainable Development Class 11 Economics

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