Infrastructure Class 11 Economics Notes and Questions

Notes Class 11 Revision Notes

Please refer to Infrastructure Class 11 Economics notes and questions with solutions below. These revision notes and important examination questions have been prepared based on the latest Economics books for Class 11. You can go through the questions and solutions below which will help you to get better marks in your examinations.

Class 11 Economics Infrastructure Notes and Questions

A. Very short answer questions

1. Read the following statement Assertion(A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below.
Assertion (A) Infrastructure is a support system on which the efficient working of a modern industrial economy depends.
Reason(R) The quality of transport and communication can affect access to health care.
a. Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)
b. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A)
c. Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is false
d. Assertion (A) is false but Reason (R) is true

2. What is global burden of diseases?
an indicator used by experts to gauge the number of people dying prematurely due to particular disease and the number of years spent by them in state of disability

3. What is morbidity?
The condition of suffering from a disease or medical condition.

4. What is infant mortality rate?
The number of infant deaths for every 1000 live births.

5. What is infrastructure?
It is the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities needed for the operation of a society.


1. ‘Regional inequality exists in health infrastructure’. Comment.
Unequal distribution of health care services, unaffordable medical care etc. ( valid data can be used)

2. ‘Medical tourism is a growing sector in India’. support your answer with valid argument.
medical tourism is a growing sector in India. many foreign nationals visit India for surgeries, transplants, dental and other health care. India offers latest medical technologies with qualified professionals at a lesser cost compared to similar health care services in other countries

3. Infrastructural development in India has been a responsibility of government sector only. Private sector has not been actively involved in infrastructural development. Comment with valid reasons.
Huge investment cost, less profitability, long gestation period etc. ( explanation)

4. Medicines are playing an important role in providing health care to large section of population, especially on developing countries and also increasing in developed countries. Comment on the working of Indian system of medicine.
ayurvedic, yoga and naturopathy, unani, siddha and homeopathy.

C. Long answer type questions

1. Is infrastructure a supporting structure? How does it contribute to economic development?
Ensures easier movement of goods and raw material, makes agriculture and industry complimentary for each other, widens size of market, impact on productivity etc. ( explanation)

2. ‘Medicinal plants based traditional system of medicine are playing an important role in providing health care to large section of population , especially in developing countries and creating interest in developed countries as well’. Explain how the India system of medicine works.
ayurvedic, yoga and naturopathy, unani, siddha and homeopathy

3. ‘Given the current pandemic the world is facing, the first impact would be on health sector. Countries need to now ponder and allocate budgets in investing in health care and the infrastructure’. Suggest measures to create effective health care programs
Education on health and hygiene, effective health infrastructure, private- public partnership to improve quality and affordability etc.

Multiple choice questions.

1.Which of the following is not a part of AYUSH ?
a. Yoga
c. Ayurvedic
b. Homeopathy
d. Autopsy
Ans. d

2.India’s health infrastructure and health care is
a. Two-tier
b. Three-tier
c. Four-tier
d. Six-tier
Ans. b

3.Which of the following is an example of social infrastructure?
a. Electricity
b. Sanitation
c. Transport
d. communication
Ans. b

4.Indian system of medicine comprises of….. system
a. Four
b. Five
c. Six
d. Seven
Ans. c

5.National Rural Health Mission was launched in
a. 2005
b. 2006
c. 2007
d. 2008
Ans. a

6.An indicator used by experts to measure the number of people prematurely due to particular disease and the number of years spend by them in the state of disability is called….
a. Morbidity
b. Global burden of disease
c. Mortality rate
d. Infant mortality rate
Ans. b

7.GDP growth and infrastructure are ……… ( directly / indirectly) proportionate.
a. Directly
b. Indirectly
c. Not
d. None of the above
Ans. a

Infrastructure Class 11 Economics

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