Please refer to Kings and Chronicles Class 12 History Important Questions given below. These solved questions for Kings and Chronicles have been prepared based on the latest CBSE, NCERT and KVS syllabus and books issued for the current academic year. We have provided important examination questions for Class 12 History all chapters.
Class 12 History Kings and Chronicles
Very Short Answer Questions :
Question. Who is the author of Badshahnama.
Ans: Abdul Hamid Lahori.
Question. Who is author of Baburnama.
Question. Who was the founder of Mughal Dynasty?
Ans: Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire.
Short Answer Questions :
Question. What steps were taken by East India Company to control the Zamindars?
Ans: (1) The troops of Zamindars were disbanded;
(2) The courts were brought under the control of British collectors.
Question. Why were many Zamindaris auctioned after the permanent settlement?
Ans: Agricultural products prices were very low. The East India Company had fixed high amount of revenue.
Question. Write in brief about the Mughal Provincial administration.
Ans: Head of provincial government was – governor.
a. He reported directly to the emperor.
b. Provinces (Subas) were divided into Sarkar.
c. Sarkars into parganas under – qanungo, chaudhary and qazi.
d. Each department was supported by official staff.
Question. What is Sulh-i-Kul?
Ans: a) Akbar’s Religious Policy.
b) Sulh-i-Kul means absolute peace.
In this ideal emperor was source of all peace and stability, stood above all religious and ethnic groups, insured justice and peace.
Long Answer Questions :
Question. Describe the daily routine and special festivities associated with the Mughal Court.
Ans: a) Physical arrangement of the court, focused on the sovereign and status.
a. The throne (Takht) was the center of power.
b. In court, status was determined by spatial proximity to the king.
c. Social control in court society.
d. The forms of salutation to the ruler.
e. The protocols of government diplomatic envoys at the Mughal Court were equally explicit.
f. The day began with personal religious devotions then Jharokha Darshan.
g. After that conduct of primary business of his government.
h. Discuss the confidential matters.
i. Celebration of festivals.
Question.. Describe in brief about the architecture under the Mughals-
Ans: a) Babar and Humayun did not get the time to construct the buildings.
b) During Akbar’s period – Agra Fort, Buland Darwaja, Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Panch Mahal, Jodha Bai’s Palace, Birbal Palace, Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chisti.
c) Akbar’s Tomb – Sikandara.
d) Jama Masjid, Taj Mahal, Moti Masjid, Lal quila Delhi-Shahjahan.
e) Shahi Masjid at Lahore by Aurangzeb.
Question. Describe in brief the elements of the Mughal ideal of Kingship.
Ans: a) The concept of divine light- In which the divine light was transmitted to the king who then became the source of spiritual guidance for his subject.
B) A unifying force – Emperor was a source of all peace, stability and justice.
C) Implementation of Sulh-i-Kul through state policy.
The Mughal nobility was a composite one comprising of Iranis, Turanis, Afghans, Rajputs, Deccan’s etc. With loyalty to the King. e) Secular religious policy.
D) Idea of Just sovereignty as social contract.
Passage based Question:
In praise of taswir
Abu’l Fazl held the art of painting in high esteem: Drawing the likeness of anything is called taswir. His Majesty from his earliest youth, has shown a great predilection for this art, and gives it every encouragement, as he looks upon it as a means both of study and amusement. A very large number of painters have been set to work. Each week, several supervisors and clerks of the imperial workshop submit before the emperor the work done by each artist, and His Majesty gives a reward and increases the monthly salaries of the artists according to the excellence displayed. … Most excellent painters are now to be found, and masterpieces, worthy of a Bihzad, may be placed at the side of the wonderful works of the European painters who have attained worldwide fame. The minuteness in detail, the general finish and the boldness of execution now observed in pictures are incomparable; even inanimate objects look as if they have life. More than a hundred painters have become famous masters of the art. This is especially true of the Hindu artists. Their pictures surpass our conception of things. Few, indeed, in the whole world are found equal to them.
Question. Why did Abu’l Fazl consider the art of painting important?
Ans: Means both of study and amusement; the general finish and the boldness of execution now observed in pictures are incomparable; even inanimate objects look as if they have life.
Question. How did he seek to legitimise this art?
Ans: Abul Fazl: an artist has a unique way of recognising God when he must come to feel that he cannot bestow life on his work …”
Question. Why was painting a bone of contenton between the emperor and the orthodox Islamic group?
Ans: The reference of Islamic prohibition of the portrayal of human beings enshrined in the Qur’an as well as the had is, which described an incident from the life of the Prophet Muhammad. Here the Prophet is cited as having forbidden the depiction of living beings in a naturalistic manner as it would suggest that the artist was seeking to appropriate the power of creation.