Cell Class 7 Science Notes and Questions

Notes Class 7 Revision Notes

Please refer to Cell Class 7 Science notes and questions with solutions below. These revision notes and important examination questions have been prepared based on the latest Science books for Class 7. You can go through the questions and solutions below which will help you to get better marks in your examinations.

Class 7 Science Cell Notes and Questions

Introduction of Cell

Cytology: The cell and its structures are studied under a branch of biology called cytology. Father of cytology – C.P. Swanson
Cell:- The structural & functional unit of a living being is called cell. An unit of biological activity, delimited by a differentially permeable membrane and capable of self reproduction in a medium free of other living system.

Cell is called structural & functional unit of life because –
(i) All the living organisms are composed of one or more cells.
(ii) All the cells have similar basic structure.
(iii) Similar cell organelles of different cell perform similar functions.

Discovery of cell
1. Robert Hooke (1665):- He observed a thin section of bark of a tree under self designed
microscope. He coined the term cell. He wrote a book- Micrographia.
2. Anton Van Leeuwenhoek (1674) was first to observe living cells.
3. N. Grew (1682): Proposed cell concept which states that cell is unit of structure of organisms.
4. Knoll & Ruska (1932): Designed the electron microscope which was employed to study the
ultra structure of cell and various cell organelles.

Cell theory :
Proposed by M.J. Schleiden & Theodore Schwann {two german biologists}.It was later expanded
by Rudolf Virchow
(i) All plants and animals are composed of cells.
(ii) Cell is the functional unit of life.
(iii) All cells arise from pre- existing cell. (Rudolf Virchowomnis cellula -e- cellulate)
(A) Size of cell – Normal size in human 20 μ m to 30 μ m in diameter.
(i) Largest cell – In animal – Ostrich egg (15 cm in diameter) In plants – Acetabularia (6-10 cm)
(ii) Longest cell – In animal – Nerve cell (up to 1mt) In plants – Hemp fibre.
(iii) Smallest cell – PPLμ – Pleuro pneumonia like organism
(Mycoplasma – 0.1 μ m to 0.5 μ m)

(B) Shape of cell – Shape of cell mainly depends upon the specific function it performs.
(i) Elongated – Nerve cell
(ii) Discoidal/ saucer- RBC
(iii) Spindal – Muscle cell
(iv) Spherical – Eggs.
(v) Branched – Pigment cell of the skin
(vi) Slipper shaped – Paramecium
(vii) Cuboidal – Germ cell of gonads
(viii) Polygonal – Liver cells.

(C) Number of cells – On the basis of number of cells the organisms can be categorised as –
(i) Unicellular – Single celled – eg- Amoeba, Paramecium, Euglena, Plasmodium – Malarial
parasite, Chlamydomonas.
(ii) Multicellular – Numerous cells eg- higher plants & Animals.

Differences between Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells:

Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell
Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell

Difference between plant cell & animal

Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell
Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell
Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell

Cell Structure :-
Cell membrane or plasma membrane or plasmalemma :

The outermost living cover or envelope of every cell is called membrane. The limiting
boundary of each cell which separates the cytoplasm from its surroundings is called
cell membrane.Term plasma membrane was given by Nageli.
The most accepted structural model of plasma membrane is Fluid mosaic model. It
was proposed by S.J. Singer & Nicolson. It states that plasma membrane is a
lipoproteinous and trilaminar membrane in which outer and i n n e r layers are
formed of globular protein molecules.

1. Plasma membrane is also called selectively permeable membrane because it allows the entry
and exit of selected materials in and out of the cell while it also prevents the movement of some
other materials.
2. Plasma membrane bounds the semi-fluid content of the cells.
3. Plasma membrane protects the cell from injury and provides an outer boundary to the cell.
4. The membrane allows the flow of materials and information between different organelles
within the cell as well as between one cell and another.
5. The membrane has carrier proteins for active transport.

Discovered by Robert Hooke

The outermost covering of the plant cell is called cell wall.It is absent in animal cell.It is rigid,
thick, porous and non- living structure.Middle lamella is consist of Ca & Mg pectates (Plant
cement). Amount of Calcium is more.

(i) It provides a definite shape to cell.
(ii) It is a protective and supportive coat.
(iii) It is permeable and allows entry of molecule of different size.
(iv) It counteracts the osmotic pressure.
(v) It provides rigidity to the cell.

Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell

(i) Protoplasm (Essence of life):-
The entire matter found inner to the cell membrane is called as protoplasm. All
the living components of a cell lie in the protoplasm and perform their functions.
1. Protoplasm – termed by Purkinje
2. Physical basis of life – Huxley

It can be divided into 2 parts:-
(A) Nucleus (B) Cytoplasm
(A) Nucleus:- Headquarter of the cell. Discovered by – Robert Brown (1831) “Nucleus is double
membrane bound dense protoplasmic body, which controls all cellular metabolism and encloses
the genetic information of cell”.

Structure:- It is made up of following four contents:
(a) Nuclear membrane / Nuclear envelope / Karyotheca
(b) Nuclear sap / Nucleoplasm / Karyolymph.
(c) Nucleolus.
(d) Chromatin threads.
(a) Nuclear envelope:- Nucleus is surrounded by two membranes, that separates nucleoplasm
from cytoplasm. The outer membrane is continuous with endoplasmic reticulum. The nuclear
membrane has minute pores. These are called nucleo-pores.

Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell

(a) Nucleoplasm:- The part of protopalsm which is enclosed by nuclear membrane. It
contains chromatin threads and nucleolus.
(b) Nucleolus:- Discovered by Fontana.Usually one nucleolus is present in each
nucleus but sometimes more than one nucleoli are present. It is a store house
of RNA & site of r-RNA transcription and processing of ribosome assembly.

(a) Chromatin Threads:- A darkly stained network of long and fine threads called chromatin threads.
Chromatin threads are intermingled with one another forming a network called chromatin reticulum.
At the time of cell division the chromatin threads separate apart from one another and become
smaller and thicker, are called chromosomes.

Functions of Nucleus:-
(i) It controls all the metabolic activities of the cell and regulates the cell cycles.
(ii) It helps in transmission of hereditary characters from parents to offsprings.
(iii) Nucleus plays a central role in the cellular reproduction (division of single cell to form two cells).
(iv) Along with environment, nucleus also directs the chemical activities of the cell. This determines the
development and future form of the cell.

(A) Cytoplasm:- The substance present between cell membrane and nucleus is called cytoplasm.It
contain jelly like fluid with various structure floating on it known as cell organelles.

(i) It helps in intracellular distribution of molecules, enzymes and nutrients within the cell.
(ii) It helps in exchange of materials between different cell organelles.
(iii) Biosynthesis of nucleotides, proteins and fatty acids takes place in the cytoplasm.
(iv) Breaking down of glucose takes place in the cytoplasm.
Cell organelles / Cytoplasmic organs:- Cell organelles are the living part of cell having definite
shape, structure and function. They are playing an important role in cell activities and embedded
into cytosol. Cell organelles are often called as “small organs” and also bounded by a plasma
membrane like fluid-mosaic membrane.

(i) Mitochondria:- It is a rod shaped structure found in cytoplasm of all eukaryotic cells except
mammalian RBC’s. It is absent in prokarytes.It is power house of cell or ATP- mill in cell and cell
within cell / second largest organelle of cell. Mitochondria term given by Benda(1897).

It is double membrane bound cell organelle.
The outer membrane is smooth and straight. The inner membrane is infolded
into the cavity. These fingre-like infoldings are called as cristae.
Mitochondrial matrix have enzyme for kreb’s cycle. Beside these enzymes matrix have a
complete protein synthesis a p p a r a t u s (Ribosome- 70-
s, DNA & RNA, enzymes ) so mitochondria called as semi autonomous cell organelle.

Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell

Its main function is to produce and store the energy in the form of ATP, that’s
why is also known as powerhouse of the cell.
(i) Mitochondrial matrix- Site of Krebs cycle.
(i) Peri- mitochondrial space- Site of link reaction.
(ii) oxysomes – Site of ETS.

(ii) Plastids:-
Plastid term used by Haeckel, Chloroplast term given by Schimper.
It is double membrane bound cell organnelle and is the largest organelle of cell.

Plastids have following 2 parts:-

Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell

(a) Grana:- It constitues of the lamellar system.
These are found in layer on top of each other, these stacks are called as grana.
Each lamella is made up of unit membrane.
Each granum of chloroplast is formed by superimposed, closed compartments called thylakoid.
Different grana are connected with the helpof tubular connection, called stroma lamellae
or fret channels or intergranum.

Function:- Site of light reaction.
(b) Stroma:- It is a granular transparent substance filled in cavity of chloroplast.
It is also called as matrix. Grana are embedded in it.
It contains enzymes of calvin cycle or dark reaction. Rubisco is the most abundant enzyme on
the earth. It made 16% protein of the chloroplast.

Function:- Site of dark reaction.

1. Chloroplasts, the green plastids, help in photosynthesis and thus, help in the synthesis of food.
These are called kitchen rooms of the cell.
2. Chromoplasts are coloured plastids which provide colour to the flowers and the fruits.
3.Leucoplasts help in the storage of food.

Discovered by Camillo Golgi (1898) in nerve cells of owl.
Other names:-

(i) Lipochondrion
(ii) Idiosome,
(iii) Baker’s body.
(iv) Dalton complex
(v) Dictyosomes- In plants

Position:- It is located near the nucleus.
Golgi bodies are pleomorphic structure, because component of Golgi body differ in structure &
shape in different cells.Golgi apparatus has a convex forming face and a concave maturing
face. The forming face receive vesicles from endoplasmic reticulum. The maturing face produces
secretory vesicles and lysosomes.

Structure:- It is formed of four types of contents.
(i) Cisternae (ii) Tubules (iii) Vacuoles (iv) Vesicles Golgibody is single membrane bound cell organelle

Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell

It is involved in cell- secretion and acts as storage, modification and
condensation or packaging membrane.
It foms the acrosome of sperm
It forms the lysosomes and secretory vesicles.
It is the site for formation ofglycolipids and glycoproteins.
Synthesis of cell wall material (Polysaccharide synthesis).
Cell plate formation (phragmoplast) during cell formation.
Vitelline membrane of egg is secreted by Golgi body.

(ii) Endoplasmic Reticulum
First observed by Garnier (1897)- Termed as Ergastoplasm.
E.R. name proposed by K.R. Porter. (Credit for discovery of ER goes to Porter
claude and fullam)

Components of Endoplasmic Reticulum:-
(i) Cisternae:- Flat & unbranched
(ii) Vesicles:- Ovate structure
(iii) Tubules:- net like structure It is also known as “System of Membranes”.

Types of Endoplasmic Reticulum:
(a) Rough E.R. /Granular E.R. Ÿ
Ribosomes present
Concerned with protein synthesis
(b) Smooth E.R./ Agranular E.R. Ÿ
Ribosomes absent
Concerned with glycogen and lipid metabolism

Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell

Mechanical support. (make skeleton of cell)
Rough E.R. – synthesis of protein
Smooth E.R.- Glycogen and lipid metabolism
Formation of lysosomes, Golgi-body & Micro-bodies – All the organellesare
formed by E.R. which have membrane except chloroplastand mitochondria.
Ÿ E.R. provides the precursor of secretory material to Golgi body.

(v) Lysosome
First observed and the term coined by Christian De Duve (1955). Lysosomes are
spherical bag like structures (0.1– 0.8  m) which is covered by single unit membrane.
Lysosomes are filled about 50 different types of digestive enzymes termed as acid
hydrolases. Lysosomes are highly polymorphic cell organelles. Because, during
functioning, lysosomes have different morphological and physiological states. Mostly
found in animal cells and in some plant cells e.g. neurospora, cauliflower and bean.

Types of Lysosomes
Primary lysosomes or storage granules
Digestive vacuoles or Heterophagosomes
Residual bodies
Autophagic lysosomes or cytolysosomes or autophagosomes

Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell

It involves in digestion of foreign materialsreceived in cell by phagocytosis and pinocytosis.
Digestion of old or dead cell organelles.Autophagy also takes place during starvation of cell.
Sometimes all lysosomes of a cell burst to dissolve the cell completely.
That’s why lysosomes are also known as suicidal bags

(vi) Ribosome (Engine of cell)
Claude (1941) first observed them and called microsome. Plade (1955) coined the term Ribosome.
Except mammalian RBC all living cells ha v e Ri b o so me s.( Both prokaryotes& Eukaryotes)
These are the smallest and membraneless cell organelles.

Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell

Site of protein synthesis, so these are also called protein factories.
At the time of protein synthesis, several ribosomes become attached to m-RNA with
the help of smaller subunits. This structure is called polyribosome or poly some or ergo some.

(vi) Peroxisomes / Uricosomes.
Discovered by Rhodin & Tolbert.
Peroxisome term was first used by De Duve.
In plants peroxisomes occur in cells of green tissues and concerned with photorespiration.
(Glycolate pathway). It contains per-oxide forming enzymes.
(i) ß -oxidation of fatty acids.
(ii) Concerned with photorespiraton.
(iii) In animal cells peroxisomes concerned with peroxide (H2O2) metabolism.

(viii) Vacuoles:-
Vacuoles of animal cells arise from Golgi-complex. It is surrounded by tonoplast. In animals the
vacuoles are smaller in size and larger in number while in plants it is larger in size and fewer in
number. Vacuoles are storage
sacs for liquid or solid contents.
(i) These serve for storage.
(ii) Transport of dissolved, secretory or excretory substances.
(iii) Vacuoles help the plant cells to remain turgid.
(iv) They play an important role in growth by helping in the elongation of cells.
(v) They provide an aqueous environment for the accumulation and storage of water-soluble
compounds (sugars, minerals, pigments, etc.).
(vi) In protozoans like Amoeba and Paramecium, vacuoles help in digestion and excretion.
(ix) Centrosome :- Discovered by Benden. Boveri
named as centrosome.
Centrosome is generally found in animal cells. Only few types of plant cells show its presence.
It is situated near the nucleus of the cell and shaped like star. Each centrosome has two centrioles.
The two centrioles are placed perpendicular to each other. Centriole consist of 9 triple fibres of
tubulin. (9 + 0 arragnement).
(i) In animal cells centrioles play important role in initiation of cell division by arranging spindle
fibres between two poles of cell.
(ii) The location of centrioles during cell division decides the plane of division.
(iii) It form the basal granule of cilia and flagella in micro-organisms, zoo-spores& motile gametes.
(iv) Form tail of sperm.

A group of similar cells which perform a particular function is called a tissue.
Term tissue was coined by Bichat.
Branch of biology deals with the study of tissue is called Histology.
Tissues can be divided into two types – plant tissues and animal tissues.
Plant Tissues
Mainly they are of two types:

1. Meristematic
2. Permanent

Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell

(a) Meristematic Tissue: These are simple living tissues having thin walled compactly arranged
immature cells which are capable of division and formation of new cells.
(i) Main features of meristematic tissues are:
Thin primary cell wall (cellulosic).
Intercellular spaces are absent (Compact tissue).
Generally vacuoles are absent, dense cytoplasm & prominent nuclei are present.
Large number of cell organelles are present.
Active metabolic state, stored food is absent.
Actively dividing cells are present in growing regions of plants, e.g. root & shoot tips.

(ii) Classification on the basis of origin:
(A) Primary (Promeristem):
Derived directly from the meristems of embryo.
(B) Secondary:
Formed by primary permanent tissues.
(iii) Classification on the basis of location:

(iii) Classification on the basis of location:
(A) Apical meristem:- It is present at the growing tips of stems and roots. Cell division in this tissue
leads to the elongation of stem & root thus it is involved in primary growth of the plant.
(B) Intercalary meristem:- It is the part of apical meristem which is left behind during growth period.
These are present at the base of leaf & internode region. These lead to the increase in the length
of leaf (Primary growth) e.g. in grass stem, bamboo stem, mint stem etc.
(C) Lateral meristem:- It is also called as secondary meristem.

(b) Permanent Tissue:
The permanent tissues are composed of those cells which have lost their capability to divide.
The division & differentiation of the cells of meristematic tissues give rise to permanent tissues.
The permanent tissues are classified into

(i) Simple permanent tissues: These tissues are made up of same type of cells which are similar
structurally and functionally. They include two types of tissues:
(A) Protective Tissues: These tissues are primarily protective in function. They consist of :
1. Epidermis: Epidermis forms unicellular thick outermost layer of various body organs of plants such
as leaves, flowers, stems and roots. Epidermis is covered outside by cuticle. Cuticle is a water
proof layer of waxy substance called as cutin.
Culticle is very thick in xerophytes.
Cells of epidermis of leaves are not continuous at some places due to the presence of small
pores called as stomata. Each stomata is guarded by a pair of bean shaped cells called as
guard cells.

The main function of epidermis is to protect the plant from desiccation and infection.
Cuticle of epidermis cuts the rate of transpiration and evaporation of water and prevents wilting.
Stomata in epidermis allow gaseous exchange to occur during photosynthesis and respiration.
Stomata also helps in transpiration. Cork is made up of dead cells with thick walls and do not have
any intercellular spaces. The cell walls in cork deposit waxy substance called as suberin.
(B) Supporting tissue: These are supportive in function and are of three types:
Parenchyma: It is the fundamental tissue, parenchymatous cells have thin cell wall.
Cell wall mainly composed of cellulose & pectin.
Large central vacuole for food & water storage.
Primary function is food storage.
Chloroplast containing parenchyma tissues are chlorenchyma whichperform photosynthesis. e.g. mesophyll of leaves.
In hydrophytic plants aerenchyma (A type of parenchyma containingair spaces) provides buoyancy. Collenchyma: It is the living mechanical tissue.
Elongated cells with thick corners.
Localized cellulose & pectin thickening.
Provides flexibility to plant parts & easy bending of various parts ofplant.
It gives mechanical strength & elasticity to the growing stems.

Sclerenchyma: (Scleras-hard)
Strengthening tissue.
Composed of extremely thick walled cells little or no protoplasm.
Cells are dead & posses very thick lignified walls.
Lignin is water proof material.
Inter cellular spaces are absent.

Cells of sclerenchyma are of two types:

1. Sclereids:- Small stone cell or grit cell, having small lumen and thick cell wall.
2. Fibres:- They are very long, narrow, thick, lignified cells.
Sclerenchyma fibres are used in the manufacture of ropes, mats & certain textile fibres.
Jute & coir are obtained from the thick bundles of fibres.
(ii) Complex permanent tissue: It consists of more than one type of cells which work together as a unit.
It helps in transportation of organic materials, water & minerals. It is also known
as conducting or vascular tissue.
Xylem & phloem together form vascular bundles.
(A) Xylem:- Also known as wood and is a vascular and mechanical tissue. Thick walled cells are
found in the form of tubular passages.

Xylem consists of four types of cells called as elements:
Tracheids: They are elongated angular dead cells (primary elements) mainly involved in conduction
of water & minerals in gymnosperms.
Vessels: They are advance elements (generally found in angiosperms). Vessels are cylindrical
tube like structures placed one above the other end to end which form a continuous channel for
efficient conduction of water.
Xylem parenchyma: They are small & thick walled parenchymatous cells subjected for storage of starch (food).
Xylem sclerenchyma: They are non living fibres with thick walls & narrow cavities. Provide mechanical support.
Except xylem parenchyma all other xylem elements are dead.
The annual rings present in the trunk of a tree are xylem rings.By counting the number of annual
rings we can determine the age of a tree is known as dendrochronology.

(B) Phloem: They also consist of both parenchymatous & sclerenchymatous cells.
Phloem consists of four types of elements:
Sieve tubes: Sieve tubes are slender tube like structures made up of elongated, thin walled cells
placed end to end. Nucleus of sieve cell is absent at maturity.
Companion cells: Companion cells have dense cytoplasm and prominent nuclei.
Phloem fibre: They give mechanical support to sieve tubes.
Phloem parenchyma: They store food & help in radial conduction of food.
In phloem except phloem sclerenchyma all elements are living.

Notes and Questions Class 7 Science Cell

Epithelial Tissue:-
Word epithelium is composed of two words Epi-upon, Thelio-groups. Means- A tissue
which grows upon another tissue is called epithelium.
It is the simplest tissue.
It is the protective tissue of the animal body (as epidermis of plants)
It always rest upon underlying connective tissue. Epithelium cells are closely packed with each
other so there is very little inter-cellular space.
Epithelial tissue may be simple (composed of a single layer of cell) or startified (made up of
several layers of cells).
White fibrous connective tissue: They have very little matrix containing abundant white fibres forming layers. Bundles of this tissue are called as tendons, which attaches muscles to the bones.
Yellow fibrous connective tissue: They are very elastic due to the presence of a network of
yellow fibres in it’s matrix called as ligament which attaches bone to bone.
Muscular tissue: Movements are brought about in our body with the help of muscular tissues.

Types :- It is of three types:
(i) Striated muscles: They are also called as voluntary muscles because these are under the control of one’s will.
(ii) Non- striated muscles:- They are involuntary muscles also called as smooth muscles. These muscles fibres are uninucleated & spindle shaped.
(iii) Cardiac muscle fibres:- They are involuntary muscles. Only found in the walls of heart. Their structure is in between the striated & non-striated muscles. They are uninucleated & branched.
Branches are united by intercalated disc. In these muscles rhythmic contraction & relaxation occurs throughout the life.

Nervous Tissue:-
They are highly specialized tissue due to which the animals are able to perceive and respond to the stimuli.
Their functional unit is called as nerve cell or Neuron. Cell body is
cyton covered by plasma membrane.
Short, hair like extensions arising from cyton are dendron which are further subdivided into dendrites.
Axon is long, tail like cylindrical process with fine branches at the end. Axon is covered by a sheath.

(i) They control all the body activities
They co-ordinate between various body parts during any body function. Spinal cord & brain are
made up of nervous tissue.

MCQs for NCERT Class 7 Science Cell

Question: A tissue is
(A) a group of separate organs that coordinates in their activities
(B) a group of cells which are similar in function and structure
(C) layer of cells that surrounding an organ
(D) sheet of cells that is one layer thick


a group of cells which are similar in function and structure

Question: The wall of cork cells are heavily thickned by the deposition of
(A) cutin
(B) suberin
(C) lignin
(D) pectin



Question: Which muscle cell is spindle shaped?
(A) Smooth muscle cell
(B) Striated muscle cell
(C) Cardiac muscle cell
(D) None of these are correct


Smooth muscle cell

Question: Blood is formed of –
(A) Plasma and bone marrow cells
(B) Plasma, white & red blood cells and blood platelets.
(C) Plasma & WBC
(D) Plasma & RBC


Plasma, white & red blood cells and blood platelets.

Question: Myelin sheath is a layer covering-
(A) vertebrate nerve fibre
(B) vertebrate muscle fibre
(C) insect nerve fibre
(D) chick embryo


vertebrate nerve fibre

Question: Adipose tissues store-
(A) protein
(B) carbohydrate
(C) fat droplets
(D) All of the above


fat droplets

Question: A protective noncellular layer found on the outside of plant organ is-
(A) Epiblema
(B) Velamen
(C) Cuticle
(D) Cork



Question: Contraction and relaxation are unique features of
(A) Epithelial tissue
(B) Connective tissue
(C) Muscle tissue
(D) Nervous tissue

Question: Specialised parenchyma occuring in aquatic plants is –
(A) Prosenchyma
(B) Chlorenchyma
(C) Aerenchyma
(D) None



Question: Root hair are –
(A) unicellular
(B) multicellular
(C) acellular
(D) mixed type



Question: Sieve tubes are found in –
(B) phloem
(C) cortex
(D) pith



Question: Apical meristem, intercalary meristem and lateral meristem are differentiated on the basis of –
(A) development (B) position (C) function (D) origin



Question: Phloem in the plants does the function of –
(A) photosynthesis
(B) providing support
(C) conduction of food
(D) conduction of water


conduction of food

Question: Which of the following tissue is composed of mainly dead cells?
(A) Phloem
(B) Epidermis
(C) Xylem
(D) Endodermis



Question: Active divisions take place in the cells of :
(A) Xylem
(B) Phloem
(C) Sclerenchyma
(D) Cambium



Match the items of :
Column A Column B
(A) Platelets (1) attached bon with muscle
(B) Neuron (2) locomotion
(C) Tendon (3) blood coagulation
(D) Striated muscle (4) respond tostimuli Which of the following is correct?
(A) (a-2), (b-3), (c-4), (d-1)
(B) (a-3), (b-4), (c-1), (d-2)
(C) (a-4), (b-1), (c-2), (d-3)
(D) (a-1), (b-2), (c-3), (d-4)


(a-3), (b-4), (c-1), (d-2)

Question: Double membrane is absent in –
(A) Mitochondrion
(B) Chloroplast
(C) Nucleus
(D) Lysosome



Question: Animal cell is limited by-
(A) Plasma membrane
(B) Shell membrane
(C) Cell wall
(D) Basement membrane


Plasma membrane

Question: The network of endoplsamic reticulum is present in the –
(A) Nucleus
(B) Nucleolus
(C) Cytoplasm
(D) Chromosomes



Question: The radiant energy of sunlight is converet to chemical energy and stored as –



Question; An animal cell differs from a plant cell in respect of –
(A) ER
(B) Cell wall
(C) Ribosomes
(D) Cell membrane


Cell wall

Question: If the nucleus is a cell’s “control centre” and chloroplasts its “solar collectors”. Which of the following
might be called the cell’s combination “food processor” and “garbage disposer”?

(A) Lysosome
(B) Ribosome
(C) Golgi appartus
(D) Nucleolus


Golgi appartus

Question: The longest cell in human body is –
(A) Neuron
(B) Muscle fibre
(C) Epithelial cell
(D) Bone cell



Question: Identify human cells which lack nucleus –
(C) Platelets
(D) Nerve cells



Question: The energy currency of a cell is –



Question: Which organelle releases oxygen?
(A) Ribosome
(B) Golgi appartus
(C) Mitochondria
(D) Chloroplast



Question: The term “protoplasm” to the living substance present inside the cell, was given by
(A) Robert Hooke
(B) Robert Brown
(C) J.E. Purkinje
(D) W.Flemming


J.E. Purkinje

Question: The membrane surrounding the vacuole of a plant cell is called
(A) Tonoplast
(B) Plasma membrane
(C) Nuclear membrane
(D) Cell wall



Question: Centriole is associated with –
(A) DNA synthesis
(B) Reproduction
(C) Spindle formation
(D) Respiration


Spindle formation

Question: The cell organelle associated with cell secretion is
(A) Plastids
(B) Mitochondria
(C) Golgi apparatus
(D) Nucleolus


Golgi apparatus

Question: Which of the following is an inclusion ?
(A) Mitochondrion
(B) Lysosome
(C) Golgi complex
(D) Starch grain


Starch grain

Question: Which of the following is called the brain of the cell?
(A) Nucleus
(B) Mitochondria
(C) Ribosomes
(D) Plasma membrane



Question: The common feature amongst nucleus, chloroplast and mitochondrion is –
(B) Lamellae
(C) Cristae
(D) All of these



Question: Nucleus is separated from surrounding cytoplasm by a nuclear envelope which is
(A) Single and porous
(B) Double and porous
(C) Single and nonporous
(D) Double and nonporous


Double and porous

Question: Nuclear membrane disappears during mitosis at –
(A) Telophase
(B) Late prophase
(C) Anaphase
(D) Early prophase


Late prophase

Question; The function of the nucleolus in the cell is
(A) Secretory
(B) Synthesis of DNA
(C) Synthesis of RNA and ribosomes
(D) None of these


Synthesis of RNA and ribosomes

Question: Which of the following phenomena is commonly referred as ‘cell drinking’?
(A) Exocytosis
(B) Pinocytosis
(C) Endocytosis
(D) Phagocytosis



Question: The cell organelle taking part in photorespiration is
(A) Glyoxysome
(B) Dictyosome
(C) Peroxisome
(D) Endoplasmic reticulum



Question: Endoplasmic reticulum sometime contains-
(A) Ribosomes
(B) Lysosomes
(C) Golgi bodies
(D) None of these



Question: Which of the following help in synthesis of ribosomes?
(A) m-RNA
(B) r-RNA
(C) t-RNA



Question: The sedimentation coefficient of complete ribosome in bacterial cell is
(A) 70S
(B) 80S
(C) 78S
(D) 60S



Question: Which cell organelle is absent in human sperm?
(A) ER
(B) Nucleus
(C) Centrioles
(D) Mitochondria



Question: Which one of the following is common in plant and animal ?
(A) Mitochondria
(B) Chloroplast
(C) Centriole
(D) Cell wall



Question: Which of the following is a nonliving cell inclusion?
(A) Vacuoles
(B) Ribosomes
(C) Centrosomes
(D) Golgi complex



Question: Which of the following is called ‘an organelle within an organelle’?
(A) Plastid
(B) Ribosome
(C) Lysosome
(D) Microsome



Question: The red colour of the tomato is due to
(A) leucoplast
(B) chromoplast
(C) chloroplast
(D) none of these



Question: The cellular structure concerned with intra cellular digestion is
(A) mitochondria
(B) chloroplast
(C) ribosome
(D) lysosome



Question: Power house of the cell is
(A) Mitochondria
(B) Ribosome
(C) Lysosome
(D) Golgi body



‘Question: Physical basis of life’ is the term used for
(A) Cytoplasm
(B) Protoplasm
(C) Nucleoplasm
(D) Sarcoplasm



Cell Class 7 Science

We hope the above Cell Class 7 Science are useful for you. If you have any questions then post them in the comments section below. Our teachers will provide you an answer. Also refer to MCQ Questions for Class 7 Science